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See also: Rob, røb, ròb, and rób

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) enPR: rŏb, IPA(key): /ɹɒb/
  • Rhymes: -ɒb
  • (US) enPR: räb, IPA(key): /ɹɑb/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English robben, from Anglo-Norman robber, rober, Old French rober (to rob), from Medieval Latin raubō (to rob, steal, plunder), from Frankish *raubōn, *rōbōn (compare Dutch roven) and Old High German roubōn, raubōn (to rob, steal, plunder), from Proto-Germanic *raubōną. Doublet of reave.

VerbEdit

rob (third-person singular simple present robs, present participle robbing, simple past and past participle robbed)

  1. (transitive) To steal from, especially using force or violence.
    He robbed three banks before he was caught.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of, or withhold from, unjustly or injuriously; to defraud.
    The best way to rob a bank is to own one.
  3. (transitive, figuratively, used with "of") To deprive (of).
    Working all day robs me of any energy to go out in the evening.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter I, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384:
      Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence. She devoured with more avidity than she had her food those pretentiously phrased chronicles of the snobocracy […] distilling therefrom an acid envy that robbed her napoleon of all its savour.
  4. (intransitive, slang) To burgle.
    • 2008, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Sept 4, 2008
      Her house was robbed.
  5. (intransitive) To commit robbery.
  6. (sports) To take possession of the ball, puck etc. from.
    • 2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/14998317.stm Arsenal 2-1 Olympiakos]”, in BBC Sport:
      Kevin Mirallas then robbed Bacary Sagna to run into the area and draw another save from Szczesny as the Gunners held on to lead at the break.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From French [Term?]; compare Spanish rob, Italian rob, robbo, Portuguese robe, arrobe, Persian ربودن(present stem: robâ) and also similar in Arabic.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rob (uncountable)

  1. The inspissated juice of ripe fruit, obtained by evaporation of the juice over a fire until it reaches a syrupy consistency. It is sometimes mixed with honey or sugar.
    • 1749, [Thomas Short], “[Of the Symptoms of Fevers, and Their Cure.] 10th, Of Feverish Heat”, in A General Chronological History of the Air, Weather, Seasons, Meteors, &c. in Sundry Places and Different Times; More Particularly for the Space of 250 Years. Together with Some of Their Most Remarkable Effects on Animal (Especially Human) Bodies, and Vegetables. In Two Volumes, volume II, Printed for T[homas] Longman, in Paternoster-Row; and A[ndrew] Millar, in the Strand, OCLC 912982174, page 512–513:
      [I]nſtead of Honey, Rob of Elder, Conſerve of Roſes, or Syrup of Violets; Glyſters, Pedilavia of emollient Decoctions with Nitre; or Elder, Vinegar, or Focus's of the ſame, applied with Sponges behind the Ears, to the Armpits, Groins, Hams, &c. or with Barley-water and a little Roſe-vinegar.

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch rob.

NounEdit

rob (plural robbe)

  1. seal (pinniped)

SynonymsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a South Slavic language, compare Serbo-Croatian rob, Macedonian роб (rob), Bulgarian роб (rob), ultimately derived from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (servant, slave).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rob m (indefinite plural robër, definite singular robi, definite plural robërit)

  1. (historical) slave
  2. (historical) serf
  3. prisoner of war
  4. (figurative, derogatory) servant

rob m (indefinite plural rob, definite singular robi, definite plural robtë)

  1. person, family member

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Omari, Anila (2012), “rob”, in Marrëdhëniet Gjuhësore Shqiptaro-Serbe, Tirana, Albania: Krishtalina KH, page 253-254

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave). Compare Daco-Romanian rob.

NounEdit

rob m (plural roghi, feminine equivalent roabã)

  1. slave

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *orbъ (servant, slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ- (orphan, child slave or servant).[1]. Compare English robot and Serbo-Croatian rob.

NounEdit

rob m

  1. (obsolete) slave, serf
    • 1887, Josef Václav Sládek, “Z osudu rukou”, in Selské písně a české znělky[1], line 7:
      Tak všichni jsme z lidí, vládce i rob.
      So we are all of people, both a ruler and a serf.
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

rob f

  1. genitive plural of roba

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

rob

  1. second-person singular imperative of robit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "rab" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 576.

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rob m (plural robben, diminutive robbetje n)

  1. seal, any member of the family Phocidae
    Synonym: zeehond

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

rob

  1. Alternative form of robe

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan).

NounEdit

rob m (plural robi, feminine equivalent roabă)

  1. slave

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From West Slavic dialects, from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare English robot and Russian рабо́та (rabóta).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rȍb m (Cyrillic spelling ро̏б)

  1. slave

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • rob” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SloveneEdit

NounEdit

rob ? (genitive [please provide], nominative plural [please provide])

  1. border
    rób gozda - edge of the forest

SynonymsEdit

  1. konec

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

rob m (plural robes)

  1. fruit syrup

Related termsEdit