Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/sětiti

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From *sětь (net, grid) +‎ *-iti, which ultimately descends from *sh₂ey- (to bind). Cognates include Lithuanian saisti (to guess), Proto-Germanic *siduz (custom), Welsh hud (magic).

The etynom is present only in South Slavic. Its original meaning probably was to make a connection, which eventually evolved into to recall a memory > to remember. Despite the superficial resemblance, the current etynom is distinct from *(u)sętiti (to sense).

VerbEdit

*sětiti pf

  1. to recall, remember

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: сѣтити (sětiti)
    • Bulgarian: сещам (seštam)
    • Macedonian: сети (seti)
    • Serbo-Croatian: сјетити

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*sětь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 448

Etymology 2Edit

PIE word
*swé

From Proto-Indo-European *swēt-. Cognate with Lithuanian svẽčias (guest), Ancient Greek ἕταρος (hétaros, comrade). Per Derksen, the lengthened grade of the root is unexpected. The Indo-European root comes from the more basic root *swé (self) with a root extension.

The semantic shift relative, kin > to host is similar in nature to the development of Germanic *fulgāną (to follow) from *fulką (people). In both cases, the original meaning likely was to establish good relation with your relatives, which eventually evolved into to host or to follow, respectively.

VerbEdit

*sětiti impf

  1. to host or participate in a gathering

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “посети́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 60
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*posětiti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 414
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “посети́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress