Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tęžiti

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Denominal causative from *tęgъ (traction) +‎ *-iti, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tengʰ- (to pull).

In Bulgarian and Macedonian, this verb specifically covers telic actions, the atelic being reflected by the mixed ě/i-conjugation Proto-Slavic *tęžati (their present stems are identical). In the remaining languages, the verb is impefective.

VerbEdit

*tęžìti[1]

  1. to weigh, to burden
  2. to struggle

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • South Slavic:
    • Bulgarian: те́жа (téža) (partially, rare)
    • Macedonian: тежи (teži) (partially, rare)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: те́жити
      Latin: téžiti
    • Slovene: težīti
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

  • Todorov T., editor (2010) , “тежа”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 7, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 889

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “tẹ́ža”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*tęži̋ti”