This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *trep- (to thread), perhaps derived/reanalyzed from Proto-Balto-Slavic *treptei (to stomp, to swing) (cf. obsolete Lithuanian trepti (to tramp)), whence Lithuanian trepénti, trepsė́ti (to stomp) (with desiderative-causative extension), Latvian trepêt (to weather out), Old Prussian ertreppa (to cross). Furhter akin to Ancient Greek τραπέω (trapéō, to squeeze), Latin trepidus (agitated), Sanskrit तृप्र (tṛprá, unstable).

Verb edit

*trepàti impf (perfective *trepnǫti)[1]

  1. (transitive) to jerk?, to twitch?, to yank?
    Synonyms: *dьrgati, *śěpati
  2. (transitive) to scutch?, to swingle?

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

  • *trepačь (agent noun)
  • >? *trepeto (sift) (in East Slavic)

Related terms edit


Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “трепа́ть”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • trepenti”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012

References edit

  1. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) “trepati”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar [Slovenian Etymology Dictionary] (in Slovene), 3rd edition, *trepa̋ti