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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic трепати (trepati), from Proto-Slavic *trepati. Cognate with Ukrainian трепа́ти (trepáty), Belarusian трепа́ць (trjepácʹ), Slovene trépati (first singular trẹ́pljem), Czech třepat, Slovak trepať, Polish trzepać, Upper Sorbian třepać, Lower Sorbian tśepaś, tśapaś. Further cognate with Lithuanian trepsė́ti (to stomp), trapinė́ti (to kick), Old Prussian ertreppa (to cross), Ancient Greek τραπέω (trapéō, to squeeze), Latin trepidus (agitated), Sanskrit तृप्र (tṛprá, unstable), तृपल (tṛpala, unstable), Gothic 𐌸𐍂𐌰𐌱𐍉𐌽 (þrabōn, to trot). Compare with English throb.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

трепа́ть (trepátʹimpf (perfective потрепа́ть)

  1. (flax etc) to scutch, to swingle
  2. to pull about, to blow about, to flutter, to tousle
    его́ тре́плет лихора́дкаjevó tréplet lixorádkahe is feverish; he is shivering with fever
    трепа́ть не́рвы кому́-либоtrepátʹ nérvy komú-liboto fray someone's nerves
    трепа́ть языко́мtrepátʹ jazykóm1) to twaddle; prattle;, blather; chew the fat / rag 2) to blab; blabber
    трепа́ть за во́лосы кого́-либоtrepátʹ za vólosy kovó-liboto pull someone's hair
  3. (colloquial) to wear out, to fray, to tear
    Perfective: истрепа́ть (istrepátʹ)
  4. to pat
    трепа́ть кого́-либо по плечу́trepátʹ kovó-libo po plečúto pat someone's shoulder
    Perfective: потрепа́ть (potrepátʹ)
  5. to beat up, to maul, to pummel
    Perfective: потрепа́ть (potrepátʹ)
  6. to give a hard life/time
    Perfective: потрепа́ть (potrepátʹ)
  7. to mention too often, to make too many references (to), to hackney
    не хо́чется трепа́ть э́то высо́кое сло́воne xóčetsja trepátʹ éto vysókoje slóvoI wouldn't like to use this lofty word without a special reason
    по́сле э́той исто́рии его́ и́мя ста́ли трепа́ть вовсю́pósle étoj istórii jevó ímja stáli trepátʹ vovsjúafter that incident, his name became the talk of the town
    Perfective: растрепа́ть (rastrepátʹ)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit