See also: Jerk

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /d͡ʒɜːk/
  • (US) IPA(key): /d͡ʒɝk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)k

Etymology 1Edit

Probably from Middle English yerk (sudden motion) and Middle English yerkid (tightly pulled), from Old English ġearc (ready, active, quick) and Old English ġearcian (to ready, prepare). Compare Old English ġearcian (to prepare, make ready, procure, furnish, supply). Related to yare.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

jerk (plural jerks)

  1. A sudden, often uncontrolled movement, especially of the body.
    • 1856, Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part III Chapter X, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
      The black cloth bestrewn with white beads blew up from time to time, laying bare the coffin. The tired bearers walked more slowly, and it advanced with constant jerks, like a boat that pitches with every wave.
  2. A quick, often unpleasant tug or shake.
    When I yell "OK," give the mooring line a good jerk!
  3. (Canada, US, slang, derogatory) A person with unlikable or obnoxious qualities and behavior, typically mean, self-centered, or disagreeable.
    • I finally fired him, because he was being a real jerk to his customers, even to some of the staff.
    • You really are a jerk sometimes.
    • 1962, George Axelrod, The Manchurian Candidate, spoken by Eleanor Iselin (Angela Lansbury), 1:23:39 from the start:
      Oh, Raymond―don't be such a jerk. Go and get yourself a drink or a tranquilizer or something.
  4. (US, slang, derogatory) A dull or stupid person.
  5. (physics, engineering) The rate of change in acceleration with respect to time.
  6. (obsolete) A soda jerk.
  7. (weightlifting) A lift in which the weight is taken with a quick motion from shoulder height to a position above the head with arms fully extended and held there for a brief time.
Usage notesEdit
 
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SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

jerk (third-person singular simple present jerks, present participle jerking, simple past and past participle jerked)

  1. (intransitive) To make a sudden uncontrolled movement.
    • 1877, Anna Sewell, Black Beauty Chapter 23[1]
      York came to me first, whilst the groom stood at Ginger's head. He drew my head back and fixed the rein so tight that it was almost intolerable; then he went to Ginger, who was impatiently jerking her head up and down against the bit, as was her way now.
  2. (transitive) To give a quick, often unpleasant tug or shake.
  3. (US, slang, vulgar) To masturbate.
  4. (obsolete) To beat, to hit.
  5. (obsolete) To throw with a quick and suddenly arrested motion of the hand.
    to jerk a stone
  6. (usually transitive, weightlifting) To lift using a jerk.
  7. (obsolete) To flout with contempt.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From American Spanish charquear, from charqui, from Quechua ch'arki.

NounEdit

jerk (uncountable)

  1. (Caribbean, Jamaican) A rich, spicy Jamaican marinade.
  2. (Caribbean, Jamaican) Meat cured by jerking; charqui.
    Jerk chicken is a local favorite.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

jerk (third-person singular simple present jerks, present participle jerking, simple past and past participle jerked)

  1. To cure (meat) by cutting it into strips and drying it, originally in the sun.
    • 2011, Dominic Smith, Bright and Distant Shores, page 106:
      The Lemakot in the north strangled widows and threw them into the cremation pyres of their dead husbands. If they defeated potential invaders the New Irish hanged the vanquished from banyan trees, flensed their windpipes, removed their heads, left their intestines to jerk in the sun.
TranslationsEdit

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jerk m (plural jerks)

  1. jerk (dance)

Further readingEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *jьkrà.

NounEdit

jerk m

  1. roe

Further readingEdit

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928), “jerk”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • jerk in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

ManxEdit

VerbEdit

jerk (verbal noun jerkal, past participle jerkit)

  1. to expect

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
jerk yerk n'yerk
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.