From Middle High German, from Old High German, from Proto-Germanic *stadiz, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis. Related to English stead, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌸𐍃 (staþs, “place”), Danish and Swedish stad, Dutch stad, Yiddish שטאָט (shtot). Originally the same words are Statt and Stätte.
- city (large settlement)
- town (settlement larger than a village)
- (metonymically) city center (central business area of a city)
- (metonymically) city, town, town council, city council (governing body of people elected to oversee management of a municipality)
- For some speakers, the plural has an irregular lengthening of the stem vowel. See Städte.
- Hunsrik: xtat
- Stadt in Duden online