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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Nabataean 𐢝(š), from Classical Syriac ܫ(š), from Aramaic ש‬(š), from Imperial Aramaic 𐡔(š), from the Egyptian 𓌓.

Indeed this letter stood for /ʃ/ in Aramaic and one must ask why 𐢖‎ from ܣ‎ from ס‎ from 𐡎‎ from 𓊽 has been lost in the Arabic alphabet.

One must mind the three Proto-Semitic sibilants: ś, š, s. In Arabic the first gave /ʃ/, the second and third merged to /s/. In Old Aramaic all were preserved but the the orthography represented s by 𐢖‎ / ס‬‎ / 𐡎‎ but used 𐢝‎ / ש‬‎ / 𐡔‎ for both ś and š, and this orthography persisted even when by the time of the Nabataeans ś had merged to sound as /s/ as s always did.

So when a scribe wanted to write the Arabic sound /ʃ/ from ś, he did so by using 𐢝‎ / س to stick to a letter form that looks the same in the cognate Aramaic words. But when he wanted to write an Arabic sound /s/ from Proto-Semitic š, he would have defied the Aramaic spelling for this Proto-Semitic phoneme had he written 𐢖‎ / ס‬‎ / 𐡎‎, whereas Arabic-Aramaic word pairs with the Proto-Semitic s are rare. So the impression was that 𐢝‎ / ש‬‎ / 𐡔‎ / س is the most typical sign to write /s/.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ز(z) and followed by ش(š).
  2. X, unknown variable.

SymbolEdit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The fifteenth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ن(n) and followed by ع(ʿ).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Diem, Werner (1980), “Untersuchungen zur frühen Geschichte der arabischen Orthographie: II. Die Schreibung der Konsonanten”, in Orientalia (in de), volume 49, issue 1, DOI:10.2307/43075525, pages 77–81

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened form of سَوْفَ(sawfa).

ParticleEdit

سَـ (sa-)

  1. will (prefix indicating the future tense)
    يَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا، سَيَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا
    yaqraʾu kitāban, sayaqraʾu kitāban
    he is reading a book, he will read a book
SynonymsEdit

KhowarEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س (sīn)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Khowar abjad.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: ݱ
  • Next letter: ش

MalayEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
س
Wikipedia ms

PronunciationEdit

  • (Name of letter, Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): [sen]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [s]

LetterEdit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  ٠ ١ ٢  > 
    Cardinal : س

Shortened form of اسا‎, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

س (Rumi spelling se‎)

  1. (cardinal) one
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

PashtoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س (sin)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Pashto alphabet.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: ږ
  • Next letter: ش

PersianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

LetterEdit

ﺱ / ﺳ‍ / ﺴ / ‍ﺲ (sin)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ژ‎ and followed by ش‎. Its name is سین‎.

SindhiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س (sīn)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: ز
  • Next letter: ش

UrduEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س (sīn)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: ژ
  • Next letter: ش

UyghurEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

س (se)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: ژ(zh)
  • Next letter: ش(sh)