See also:ش⁩, ⁧س࣪, andس-

س U+0633, س
ARABIC LETTER SEEN
ز
[U+0632]
Arabic ش
[U+0634]
U+FEB1, ﺱ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEB0]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB2]
U+FEB2, ﺲ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN FINAL FORM

[U+FEB1]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB3]
U+FEB3, ﺳ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN INITIAL FORM

[U+FEB2]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB4]
U+FEB4, ﺴ
ARABIC LETTER SEEN MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEB3]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB5]

Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Nabataean𐢝(š), from Classical Syriacܫ(š), from Aramaicש(š), from Imperial Aramaic𐡔(š), from the Egyptian 𓌒.

Further information

This letter stood for /ʃ/ in Aramaic. ⁧𐢖⁩ was not adopted into the Arabic alphabet because of the following considerations:

Proto-Semitic has three fricatives that became sibilants in descendant languages: ś, š, s. In Arabic ś gave /ʃ/, but š and s merged to /s/. In Old Aramaic all three sibilants were distinguished, and s was represented by ⁧𐢖⁩ / ⁧ס⁩ / ⁧𐡎⁩ while ⁧𐢝⁩ / ⁧ש⁩ / ⁧𐡔⁩ represented both ś and š. This orthography persisted in later Aramaic even to the time of the Nabataeans, when the pronunciation of ś merged with that of s /s/.

So when a scribe wanted to write the Arabic sound /ʃ/ from ś, he did so by using ⁧𐢝⁩ / ⁧س⁩ purposefully in order to stick to a letter form that looks the same in the cognate Aramaic words. But when he wanted to write an Arabic sound /s/ from Proto-Semitic š, he would defy the Aramaic spelling for this Proto-Semitic phoneme were he to represent this Arabic phoneme by the sign ⁧𐢖⁩ / ⁧ס⁩ / ⁧𐡎⁩, whereas Arabic-Aramaic word pairs with the Proto-Semitic s are – somewhat by coincidence – rare and there was hence only negligible pressure to employ ⁧𐢖⁩ / ⁧ܣ⁩ / ⁧ס⁩ / ⁧𐡎⁩, in total. So the impression was that ⁧𐢝⁩ / ⁧ש⁩ / ⁧𐡔⁩ / ⁧س⁩ is the most typical sign to write /s/ while the other possible sign fell out of use.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ⁧ز(z) and followed by ⁧ش(š).
  2. x, unknown mathematical variable

Symbol edit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س (sīn)

  1. The fifteenth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ⁧ن(n) and followed by ⁧ع(ʕ).

See also edit

References edit

  • Diem, Werner (1980), “Untersuchungen zur frühen Geschichte der arabischen Orthographie: II. Die Schreibung der Konsonanten”, in Orientalia (in German), volume 49, issue 1, →DOI, pages 77–81

Etymology 2 edit

Shortened form of ⁧سَوْفَ(sawfa).

Particle edit

سَـ (sa-)

  1. will (prefix indicating the future tense)
    يَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا، سَيَقْرَأُ كِتَابًا
    yaqraʔu kitāban, sayaqraʔu kitāban
    He is reading a book, he will read a book.
Synonyms edit

Balti edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س⁩ (transliteration needed)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Balti alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Burushaski edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س⁩ (transliteration needed)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Burushaski alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Chinese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Xiao'erjing abjad.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is also used to represent Pinyin initials s- and sh-.

Kashmiri edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س (s)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ژھ(ċh)
  • Next letter: ⁧ش(ś)

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic س
Cyrillic С, с
Latin S, s
Yañalif S, s

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س (s)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter С.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

Khowar edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س⁩ (sīn)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ݱ
  • Next letter: ⁧ش

Malay edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation edit

  • (Name of letter, Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): [sen]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [s]

Letter edit

س / س‍ / ‍س‍ / ‍س

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.
See also edit
  • (Arabic script letters) ⁧ا⁩,‎ ⁧ب⁩,‎ ⁧ت⁩,‎ ⁧ة⁩,‎ ⁧ث⁩,‎ ⁧ج⁩,‎ ⁧چ⁩,‎ ⁧ح⁩,‎ ⁧خ⁩,‎ ⁧د⁩,‎ ⁧ذ⁩,‎ ⁧ر⁩,‎ ⁧ز⁩,‎ ⁧س⁩,‎ ⁧ش⁩,‎ ⁧ص⁩,‎ ⁧ض⁩,‎ ⁧ط⁩,‎ ⁧ظ⁩,‎ ⁧ع⁩,‎ ⁧غ⁩,‎ ⁧ڠ⁩,‎ ⁧ف⁩,‎ ⁧ڤ⁩,‎ ⁧ق⁩,‎ ⁧ک⁩,‎ ⁧ݢ⁩,‎ ⁧ل⁩,‎ ⁧م⁩,‎ ⁧ن⁩,‎ ⁧و⁩,‎ ⁧ۏ⁩,‎ ⁧ه⁩,‎ ⁧ء⁩,‎ ⁧ي⁩,‎ ⁧ى⁩,‎ ⁧ڽ[edit]

Etymology 2 edit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  ٠ ١ ٢  > 
    Cardinal : ⁧س

Shortened form of ⁧اسا⁩, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

س⁩ (Rumi spelling se)

  1. one
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Pashto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س (sin)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ږ
  • Next letter: ⁧ش

Persian edit

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? sīn
Dari reading? sīn
Iranian reading? sin
Tajik reading? sin
  • (file)

Letter edit

ﺱ / ﺳ‍ / ﺴ / ‍ﺲ (sin)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ⁧ژ⁩ and followed by ⁧ش⁩. Its name is ⁧سین⁩.

Punjabi edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /siːn̪/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /sᵊ/

Letter edit

س (sīn)

  1. The eighteenth letter of Punjabi in the Shahmukhi script.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ژ(žē)
  • Next letter: ⁧ش(šīn)

Sindhi edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س⁩ (sīn)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ز
  • Next letter: ⁧ش

Urdu edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س (sīn)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ژ(ź)
  • Next letter: ⁧ش(ś)

Uyghur edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س (se)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ژ(zh)
  • Next letter: ⁧ش(sh)

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

س⁩ (s)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Yoruba alphabet in the ajami script, equivalent to Latin script s.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
س ـس ـسـ سـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧ر
  • Next letter: ⁧ش