alkalom

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the obsolete alk (conformity, adaptation, adjustment to something) +‎ -alom.[1] The original stem is probably related to Hungarian alkot (to create) and alku (deal), and it may also be related to Hungarian olt (to vaccinate), which may derive from Proto-Uralic *alɜ- (to add/fasten to something, fit).[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlkɒlom]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka‧lom
  • Rhymes: -om

NounEdit

alkalom (plural alkalmak)

  1. occasion, opportunity, chance
    Synonyms: lehetőség, esély
  2. occasion (the time when something happens)
    Synonym: esemény
  3. time, instance, occurrence
    Synonyms: eset, íz, (after the cardinal or ordinal stem of a numeral) -szor/-szer/-ször
  4. event, meeting, session (of a group or community)
    Synonyms: találkozó, ülés, összejövetel

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alkalom alkalmak
accusative alkalmat alkalmakat
dative alkalomnak alkalmaknak
instrumental alkalommal alkalmakkal
causal-final alkalomért alkalmakért
translative alkalommá alkalmakká
terminative alkalomig alkalmakig
essive-formal alkalomként alkalmakként
essive-modal
inessive alkalomban alkalmakban
superessive alkalmon alkalmakon
adessive alkalomnál alkalmaknál
illative alkalomba alkalmakba
sublative alkalomra alkalmakra
allative alkalomhoz alkalmakhoz
elative alkalomból alkalmakból
delative alkalomról alkalmakról
ablative alkalomtól alkalmaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alkalomé alkalmaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
alkaloméi alkalmakéi
Possessive forms of alkalom
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alkalmam alkalmaim
2nd person sing. alkalmad alkalmaid
3rd person sing. alkalma alkalmai
1st person plural alkalmunk alkalmaink
2nd person plural alkalmatok alkalmaitok
3rd person plural alkalmuk alkalmaik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN
  2. ^ Entry #1721 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further readingEdit

  • alkalom in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • alkalom in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)