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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French occasion, from Old French occasiun, from Latin occasionem (accusative of occasio), noun of action from perfect passive participle occasus, from verb occido, from prefix ob- (down", "away) + verb cado (fall).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /əˈkeɪʒən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪʒən
  • Hyphenation: oc‧ca‧sion

NounEdit

occasion (countable and uncountable, plural occasions)

  1. A favorable opportunity; a convenient or timely chance. [from 14th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote?) Bible, Rom. vii. 11
      Sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Waller
      I'll take the occasion which he gives to bring / Him to his death.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, chapter I, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, [], OCLC 928184292, book IV:
      That our work, therefore, might be in no danger of being likened to the labours of these historians, we have taken every occasion of interspersing through the whole sundry similes, descriptions, and other kind of poetical embellishments.
  2. The time when something happens.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 13, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      And Vickers launched forth into a tirade very different from his platform utterances. He spoke with extreme contempt of the dense stupidity exhibited on all occasions by the working classes. He said that if you wanted to do anything for them, you must rule them, not pamper them.
    At this point, she seized the occasion to make her own observation.
  3. An occurrence or state of affairs which causes some event or reaction; a motive or reason. [from 14th c.]
    I had no occasion to feel offended, however.
  4. Something which causes something else; a cause. [from 14th c.]
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, p. 130:
      it were too vile to say, and scarce to be beleeved, what we endured: but the occasion was our owne, for want of providence, industrie and government [...].
  5. (obsolete) An occurrence or incident. [14th-18th c.]
  6. A particular happening; an instance or time when something occurred. [from 15th c.]
    I could think of two separate occasions when she had deliberately lied to me.
    a momentous occasion in the history of South Africa
    • 2013 April 9, Andrei Lankov, “Stay Cool. Call North Korea’s Bluff.”, in New York Times[1]:
      In the last two decades, North Korea has on various occasions conducted highly provocative missile and nuclear tests and promised to turn Seoul into a sea of fire.
  7. Need; requirement, necessity. [from 16th c.]
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
      I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting, […], and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town. I was completely mystified at such an unusual proceeding.
    I have no occasion for firearms.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Jeremy Taylor
      after we have served ourselves and our own occasions
    • (Can we date this quote?) Burke
      when my occasions took me into France
  8. A special event or function. [from 19th c.]
    Having people round for dinner was always quite an occasion at our house.
  9. A reason or excuse; a motive; a persuasion.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Spenser
      Whose manner was, all passengers to stay, / And entertain with her occasions sly.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

occasion (third-person singular simple present occasions, present participle occasioning, simple past and past participle occasioned)

  1. (transitive) To cause; to produce; to induce
    it is seen that the mental changes are occasioned by a change of polarity

TranslationsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin occāsiōnem (accusative of occāsiō). Compare the inherited Old French ochoison, achaison (the latter being influenced by Latin accūsātiō).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɔ.ka.zjɔ̃/
  • (file)

NounEdit

occasion f (plural occasions)

  1. occasion, opportunity
  2. cause
  3. bargain, good deal
  4. secondhand or used item

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit