See also: Olt, OLT, òlt, Òlt, ölt, -olt, and -ölt

Alemannic German

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old.

Adjective

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olt

  1. (Carcoforo) old

References

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Bavarian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle High German alt, from Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌴𐌹𐍃 (alþeis).

Adjective

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olt

  1. (Sauris, Timau) old

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Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈolt]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -olt

Etymology 1

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From a variant of the same Proto-Finno-Ugric stem as alszik (to sleep) + -t (causative suffix).[1]

Verb

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olt

  1. (transitive, of fire) to extinguish, to put out
    Synonyms: elolt, kiolt
  2. (transitive, of light) to switch off
    Synonyms: elolt, leolt, lekapcsol
  3. (transitive, of thirst) to quench
  4. (transitive, of milk) to curdle
    Synonym: beolt
  5. (transitive) to slake (lime, compound of calcium)
    Synonym: beolt
  6. (transitive, slang) to roast, to criticize, to flame (for fun, maybe only on the speaker's side, maybe both)
    Synonyms: leolt, oltogat, kritizál
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

Etymology 2

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Of debated origin: [1]

  1. From Proto-Ugric *alɜ- (to add/fasten to something, fit).[2]
  2. Native word from the archaic avik (to intrude).

Verb

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olt

  1. (transitive, medicine) to inoculate, to vaccinate (by injection)
    Synonym: beolt
  2. (transitive) to graft
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 olt in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ Entry #1721 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.

Further reading

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  • (to extinguish): olt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (to vaccinate): olt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams

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Ingrian

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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olt

  1. past indicative connegative singular of olla

Participle

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olt

  1. past active participle of olla

Declension

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Declension of olt (type 14/olt, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative olt olleet
genitive olleen ollein
partitive ollutta olleita
illative olleesse olleisse
inessive ollees olleis
elative olleest olleist
allative olleelle olleille
adessive olleel olleil
ablative olleelt olleilt
translative olleeks olleiks
essive olleenna, olleen olleinna, ollein
exessive1) olleent olleint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References

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  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 122

Middle Low German

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Etymology

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From Old Saxon āld.

Cognate with English old, Dutch oud, German alt, West Frisian âld.

Pronunciation

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  • Stem vowel: ô²
    • (originally) IPA(key): /ɔːlt/ or IPA(key): /ɔlt/
    • While the combination /ld/ originally lengthened the vowel in Old Saxon, in several Middle Low German dialects it was treated like a geminate, or had actually become /lː/, and in turn shortened long vowels occurring before it. Further, the vowel was shortened before /lt/ from final obstruent devoicing. Dialects then often begun to apply the more common vowel length across all forms.

Adjective

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ôlt or olt (comparative ôlder or ö̂lder or êlder, superlative ôldest or ö̂ldest or êldest)

  1. old

Declension

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Alternative forms

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Descendants

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  • German Low German: old, oold, ol, olt
    • German: oll
  • Plautdietsch: oolt