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Alemannic GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old.

AdjectiveEdit

olt

  1. (Carcoforo) old

ReferencesEdit

  • “olt” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

BavarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German alt, from Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌴𐌹𐍃 (alþeis).

AdjectiveEdit

olt

  1. (Sauris, Timau) old

ReferencesEdit

  • “olt” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈolt]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From a variant of the same Proto-Finno-Ugric stem as alszik (to sleep) + -t (causative suffix).[1]

VerbEdit

olt

  1. (transitive, of fire) to extinguish, to put out
    Synonyms: elolt, kiolt
  2. (transitive, of light) to switch off
    Synonyms: elolt, leolt, lekapcsol
  3. (transitive, of thirst) to quench
  4. (transitive, of milk) to curdle
    Synonym: beolt
  5. (transitive) to slake (lime, compound of calcium)
    Synonym: beolt
  6. (transitive, slang) to roast, to criticize, to flame (for fun, maybe only on the speaker's side, maybe both)
    Synonyms: leolt, oltogat, kritizál

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Of debated origin: [1]

  1. From Proto-Ugric *alɜ- (to add/fasten to something, fit).[2]
  2. Native development from the archaic avik (to intrude).

VerbEdit

olt

  1. (transitive, medicine) to inoculate, to vaccinate (by injection)
  2. (transitive) to graft

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Entry #1721 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Middle Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon āld, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with English old, Dutch oud, German alt, West Frisian âld.

PronunciationEdit

  • Stem vowel: ô²
    • (originally) IPA(key): /ɔːlt/ or IPA(key): /ɔlt/
    • While the combination /ld/ originally lengthened the vowel in Old Saxon, in several Middle Low German dialects it was treated like a geminate, or had actually become /lː/, and in turn shortened long vowels occurring before it. Further, the vowel was shortened before /lt/ from final obstruent devoicing. Dialects then often begun to apply the more common vowel length across all forms.

AdjectiveEdit

ôlt or olt (comparative ôlder or ö̂lder or êlder, superlative ôldest or ö̂ldest or êldest)

  1. old

Alternative formsEdit

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • German Low German: old, oold, ol, olt
    • German: oll
  • Plautdietsch: oolt