Late Middle English approbacioun, from Old French approbacion (French approbation), from Latin approbatio, from approbare (“to assent to as good, approve, also show to be good, confirm”), from ad (“to”) + probare (“approve, commend”), from probus (“good”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˌæp.ɹəʊˈbeɪ.ʃən/, /ˌæp.ɹəˈbeɪ.ʃən/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˌæp.ɹoʊˈbeɪ.ʃən/, /ˌæp.ɹəˈbeɪ.ʃən/
Audio (US) (file)
- The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval, sanction, commendation or official recognition.
1815, Jane Austen, Emma, volume II, chapter 11:
- As a counsellor she was not wanted; but as an approver, (a much safer character,) she was truly welcome. Her approbation, at once general and minute, warm and incessant, could not but please; and for another half-hour they were all walking to and fro, between the different rooms, some suggesting, some attending, and all in happy enjoyment of the future.
1796, William Melmoth (tr.), The Letters of Pliny the Consul: With Occasional Remarks, ninth edition, page 20:
- I am very sensible how much nobler it is to place the reward of virtue in the silent approbation of one's own breast
- 1871, Charles Darwin, Descent of Man, ch. 3:
- [A]nimals not only love, but have desire to be loved. . . . They love approbation or praise.
- Approbation and approval have the same general meaning, assenting to or declaring as good, sanction, commendation; but approbation is stronger and more positive. We may be anxious for the approbation of our friends; but we should be still more anxious for the approval of our own consciences. He who is desirous to obtain universal approbation will learn a good lesson from the fable of the old man and his ass. The work has been examined by several excellent judges, who have expressed their unqualified approval of its plan and execution.
(material dates from 1913)
- (act of approving): disapprobation
- approbation in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- approbation in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- “approbation” at OneLook Dictionary Search