See also: barda, bárda, and bārdā

Contents

LatvianEdit

 bārda on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Bārda
 
Kazas bārda

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *bardā (with lengthening: *-àr- > -ā̀r-), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂(beard), from the stem *bʰar-(projecting forward; tip, point; bristle, awn), which is perhaps a form of *bʰer-(to cut, to grate, to split, to hit). Cognates include Lithuanian barzdà (< *barzdā-, a parallel form of *bardā-, with an extra z perhaps because of d:zd phonetic variation), Old Prussian bordus, Proto-Slavic *borda (Old Church Slavonic брада(brada), Russian борода(borodá), Czech brada(beard, chin), Polish broda(beard, chin)), Proto-Germanic *barda- (Old High German bart, German Bart, Old English, English beard), Latin barba (< *farba).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bārda f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) beard (hair that grows on the cheeks and chins)
    vaigu bārda‎ ― sideburns (lit. cheek beard)
    sirma bārda‎ ― gray beard
    kupla bārda‎ ― bushy beard
    skūt bārdu‎ ― to shave a beard
    audzēt bārdu‎ ― to grow (lit. raise) a beard
    biezi, melni bārdas rugāji noseguši zodu un vaigus‎ ― thick, black beard stubbles covered (his) chin and cheeks
  2. (of animals) beard (hair, hair-like formation on the lower jaw)
    āža, kazas bārda‎ ― goat beard
    bārdas zivs‎ ― beard(ed) fish

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bārda”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7