See also: báid

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

Compare sam-id or bag-id.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧id

Verb edit


  1. to whet; to hone or rub on with some substance, as a piece of stone, for the purpose of sharpening

Old Irish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Celtic *bayeti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go). The meaning arose euphemistically: "go (away)" → "to die".[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.əðʲ/, [ˈba.ɨðʲ]

Verb edit

baïd (conjunct ·bá, verbal noun bás)

  1. to die
    • c. 700 the Irish Infancy Gospel of Thomas, published in "Two Old Irish Poems", in Ériu 18 (1958), pp. 1-27, edited and with translations by James Carney, stanza 16
      "Nech bas endac," ol Ísu, "do bráthaib ní·; is in miscadach lenas in mallacht na[m]má."
      "Anyone who is innocent," Jesus said, "does not die to the judgements. It is only the wicked onto whom the curse sticks."
    • c. 720, Baile Chuinn Chétchathaig from Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 N 10, published in "On the Dates of Two Sources Used in Thurneysen's Heldensage", Ériu 16 (1952), pages 145-156, edited by Rudolf Thurneysen and Gerard Murphy and with translations by Gerard Murphy
      Íbthuss Art íer cetharchait aidchi, comnart caur, co [m]beba Muccruime.
      Art shall drink it after forty nights, a mighty hero, until he shall die [at] Muccruime.
    • c. 750-800 Tairired na nDessi from Rawlinson B 502, published in "The Expulsion of the Dessi", Y Cymmrodor (1901, Society of Cymmrodorion), edited and with translations by Kuno Meyer, vol. 14, pp. 104-135, paragraph 4
      Bebais mac ind ríg ⁊ do·bert Óengus in mnaí leis.
      The king's son [Conn, who Óengus murders for raping Forach] died and Óengus took [lit. brought] the woman [Forach] [away] with him.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 3b3
      oínecht a ppecad amal n-oínect ro·mbebe colinn Crist
      once out of sin as once Christ’s flesh has died
    Synonym: at·baill
Conjugation edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*bā-, ba-yo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 52

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. second-person plural preterite conjunct of at·tá

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
baid baid
pronounced with /β(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic edit

Noun edit

baid m

  1. genitive singular of bad