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Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English rubben. Cognate with Saterland Frisian rubje (to rub, scrape), German Low German rubben (to rub), Low German rubblig (rough, uneven), Dutch robben, rubben (to rub smooth; scrape; scrub), Danish rubbe (to rub, scrub), Icelandic and Norwegian rubba (to scrape).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹʌb/, [ɹɐb], enPR: rŭb
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɹʌb/, enPR: rŭb
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌb

NounEdit

rub (plural rubs)

  1. An act of rubbing.
    Give that lamp a good rub and see if any genies come out
  2. A difficulty or problem.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals):
      III.i.71-75
      To die, to sleep—/To sleep—perchance to dream. Ay, there's the rub!/For in that sleep of death what dreams may come,/When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,/Must give us pause
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[[Episode 16]]”, in Ulysses, Paris: Shakespeare & Co.; Sylvia Beach, OCLC 560090630; republished London: Published for the Egoist Press, London by John Rodker, Paris, October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      [] the propriety of the cabman's shelter, as it was called, hardly a stonesthrow away near Butt bridge where they might hit upon some drinkables in the shape of a milk and soda or a mineral. But how to get there was the rub.
    • 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard
      'My dear Devereux, I say, you mustn't talk in that wild way. You—you talk like a ruined man!'
      'And I so comfortable!'
      'Why, to be sure, Dick, you have had some little rubs, and, maybe, your follies and your vexations; but, hang it, you are young; you can't get experience—at least, so I've found it—without paying for it. [] '
  3. In the game of crown green bowls: any obstacle by which a bowl is diverted from its normal course.
  4. Any substance designed to be applied by rubbing.
    a heat rub intended for muscular strains
    1. A mixture of spices applied to meat before it is barbecued.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rub (third-person singular simple present rubs, present participle rubbing, simple past and past participle rubbed)

  1. (transitive) To move (one object) while maintaining contact with another object over some area, with pressure and friction.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] This is Mr. Churchill, who, as you are aware, is good enough to come to us for his diaconate, and, as we hope, for much longer; and being a gentleman of independent means, he declines to take any payment.” Saying this Walden rubbed his hands together and smiled contentedly.
    I rubbed the cloth over the glass.
    The cat rubbed itself against my leg.
    I rubbed my hands together for warmth.
  2. (transitive) To rub something against (a second thing).
    I rubbed the glass with the cloth.
    • Sir T. Elyot
      It shall be expedient, after that body is cleaned, to rub the body with a coarse linen cloth.
  3. (intransitive) To be rubbed against something.
    My shoes are beginning to rub.
  4. (transitive) To spread a substance thinly over; to smear.
    meat rubbed with spices before barbecuing
    • Milton
      The smoothed plank, [] / New rubbed with balm.
  5. (dated) To move or pass with difficulty.
    to rub through woods, as huntsmen
  6. To scour; to burnish; to polish; to brighten; to cleanse; often with up or over.
    to rub up silver
    • South
      The whole business of our redemption is to rub over the defaced copy of the creation.
  7. To hinder; to cross; to thwart.
    • Shakespeare
      'Tis the duke's pleasure, / Whose disposition, all the world well knows, / Will not be rubbed nor stopped.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

 
Rub of a credit card

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *rǫbъ (something which was cut), from *rǫbati (to cut, chop).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rub m

  1. back (the reverse side)
    rub karty -- back of the card
    rub mince -- reverse of the coin
  2. the other (often negative) aspect of a situation

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ rub in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Lower SorbianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

rub

  1. second-person singular imperative of rubaś

ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English rub.

NounEdit

rub m (genitive singular rub, plural rubbyn)

  1. rub

VerbEdit

rub (verbal noun rubbey or rubbal)

  1. to rub

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *rǫbъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rȗb m (Cyrillic spelling ру̑б)

  1. rim
  2. edge, brink

DeclensionEdit