See also: Baran

Kashubian

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baran

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *baranъ.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbaran/
  • Rhymes: -aran
  • Syllabification: ba‧ran

Noun

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baran m animal (diminutive barónk or barank, related adjective barani)

  1. ram (male sheep)
    Synonyms: bòdôcz, rogôl

Noun

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baran m pers

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) bonehead (idiot)

Noun

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baran m inan

  1. badly cut windrow

Further reading

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  • Stefan Ramułt (1893) “barôn”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego (in Kashubian), page 5
  • Sychta, Bernard (1967) “baran”, in Słownik gwar kaszubskich [Dictionary of Kashubian dialects] (in Polish), volumes 1 (A – Ǵ), Wrocław: Ossolineum, page 17
  • Jan Trepczyk (1994) “baran”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski (in Kashubian), volumes 1–2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “baran”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[1]
  • baran”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Lower Sorbian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *baranъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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baran m animal (diminutive barank)

  1. ram (male sheep)

Declension

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Hypernyms

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Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928) “baran”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999) “baran”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Maranao

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Noun

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baran

  1. target practice

Middle English

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Adjective

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baran

  1. Alternative form of bareyne

Northern Kurdish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wáHr̥ (water; rain), from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁r- (water). Cognate to Central Kurdish باران (baran) and Persian باران (bârân); see there for more.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /bɑːˈɾɑːn/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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baran f (Arabic spelling باران)

  1. rain
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References

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  • Cabolov, R. L. (2001) “bārān”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 152
  • Jaba, Auguste, Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 33b
  • Kurdojev, K. K. (1960) “baran”, in Kurdsko-russkij slovarʹ [Kurdish–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Gosudarstvennoje izdatelʹstvo inostrannyx i nacionalʹnyx slovarej, page 61a
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2003) “baran”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary[2], with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 24

Old Polish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *baranъ. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /baraːn/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /barɒn/

Noun

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baran m animacy unattested (diminutive baranek or baraniec, related adjective barani or baranowy)

  1. (attested in Lesser Poland, Greater Poland) ram (male sheep)
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Sankt Florian Psalter]‎[3], Krakow: Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 64, 14:
      Obleczeni sø baranowe owecz (induti sunt arietes ovium)
      [Obleczeni są baranowie owiec (induti sunt arietes ovium)]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, Lubiń: inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 144v:
      Veruex id est aries non castratus et est pater ouium eyn wider baran
      [Veruex id est aries non castratus et est pater ouium eyn wider baran]
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adjectives
nouns

Descendants

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  • Masurian: barán
  • Polish: baran
  • Silesian: barōn

References

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish baran.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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baran m animal (diminutive baranek, augmentative baranisko, related adjective barani)

  1. ram (male sheep)
    Synonyms: tryk, cap
    Coordinate term: owca
  2. (colloquial) ramskin, sheepskin (leather of this animal)
    Synonyms: baranica, kożuch
  3. (colloquial, usually in the plural) frizz (very curly, short hair)
    Synonym: baranek
  4. (heraldry) ram (image of this animal as used in coats of arms)
  5. (obsolete) type of rabbit
  6. (obsolete, historical) battering ram
    Synonym: taran
  7. (obsolete, engineering) pile driver (machine for forcing a pile, a long beam, into the ground)
    Synonyms: baba, kafar
  8. (obsolete) milk skin, skin (congealed layer on the surface of a liquid)
    Synonym: kożuch
  9. (obsolete) stag beetle (Lucanus cervus)
    Synonym: jelonek rogacz
  10. (obsolete) wagon hub, nave (the central part of a wheel of a wagon)
  11. (obsolete) type of game
  12. (obsolete) long roll of straw; large saddle of straw on a roof
  13. (obsolete) large place (tool for smoothing wood by removing thin layers from the surface moved by two people)
  14. (Middle Polish) ram meat
    Synonym: baranina
  15. (Middle Polish) large sea fish
  16. (Middle Polish) type of corporal punishment device
  17. (Middle Polish) churn (device for making butter)
    Synonym: maselnica
  18. (Middle Polish) lamb (virtuous person)
  19. (Middle Polish) lamb (follower of Christ)
  20. (Middle Polish) lift (device for raising heavy objects)
  21. (Middle Polish) crank stock; oil press

Declension

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Noun

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baran m pers

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) bonehead (idiot)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:głupiec

Declension

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Derived terms

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adverbs
nouns
phrases
verbs
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adjectives
adverbs
nouns
phrases

Further reading

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  • baran in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • baran in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “baran”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Barbara Rykiel-Kempf (05.04.2023) “BARAN”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “baran”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “baran”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “baran”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 96
  • baran in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *baranъ.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /bǎran/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ran

Noun

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bàran m (Cyrillic spelling ба̀ран)

  1. (regional) ram
    Synonym: óvan

Declension

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References

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  • baran” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *baranъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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baran m anim (genitive singular barana, nominative plural barany, genitive plural baranov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. ram (male sheep)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • baran”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovincian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbaran/
  • Rhymes: -aran
  • Syllabification: ba‧ran

Noun

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baran m animal

  1. Alternative form of barón

Further reading

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Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish باران (baran), from Classical Persian باران (bārān).

Noun

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baran

  1. (obsolete) rain

Synonyms

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