See also: Ram, RAM, rám, râm, Râm, and rắm

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
A ram (male sheep).

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English ram, rom, ramme, from Old English ramm (ram), from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (ram), possibly from *rammaz (strong). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Rom (ram), Dutch ram (a male sheep), German Ramm, Ramme (ram). Possibly akin also to Danish ram (sharp; acrid; rank), Swedish ram (strong; perfect), Faroese ramur (strong; competent), Icelandic rammur (strong; sturdy).

Noun edit

ram (plural rams)

  1. (zoology, agriculture) A male sheep, typically uncastrated.
  2. A battering ram; a heavy object used for breaking through doors.
  3. (military, nautical, chiefly historical) A warship intended to sink other ships by ramming them.
    • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 178:
      About a couple of miles out lay an ironclad very low in the water, almost, to my brother's perception, like a water-logged ship. This was the ram Thunder Child.
  4. (military, nautical, chiefly historical) A reinforced section of the bow of a warship, intended to be used for ramming other ships.
  5. A piston powered by hydraulic pressure.
  6. An act of ramming.
  7. A weight which strikes a blow, in a ramming device such as a pile driver, steam hammer, or stamp mill.
Hyponyms edit

(warship intended to sink ships by ramming):

Coordinate terms edit

(male sheep):

Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English rammen, from the noun (see above). Compare Old High German rammen.

Verb edit

ram (third-person singular simple present rams, present participle ramming, simple past and past participle rammed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To collide with (an object), usually with the intention of damaging it or disabling its function.
    The man, driving an SUV, then rammed the gate, according to police.
    • 2016 December 29, M. Kumar, “Snatch thieves accidentally rammed by victim”, in The Star[1], Malaysia:
      Two snatch thieves who snatched a woman's bag experienced swift karma when their victim accidentally rammed into their motorcycle.
    • 2018 October 17, Drachinifel, 25:35 from the start, in Last Ride of the High Seas Fleet - Battle of Texel 1918[2], archived from the original on 4 August 2022:
      The other ships, either not caring or too badly-damaged to do anything about it, proceed on their mission, with König the last to fall silent, shot to pieces in a last attempt to ram the Bellerophon.
    • 2021 December 29, Drachinifel, 21:03 from the start, in The USN Pacific Submarine Campaign - The Dark Year (Dec'41 - Dec'42)[3], archived from the original on 19 July 2022:
      The only amusing highlight was Gudgeon having managed to exploit U.S. codebreaking efforts to ambush and destroy the submarine I-173, albeit not for the lack of the Mark 14's trying to sabotage the effort, as the torpedo that had hit the sub had refused to detonate; it seemed, however, that the car-crash levels of kinetic energy involved in the dud simply ramming the sub had nonetheless done enough to fatally damage it.
  2. (transitive) To strike (something) hard, especially with an implement.
    To build a sturdy fence, you have to ram the posts deep into the ground.
  3. (transitive) To seat a cartridge, projectile, or propellant charge in the breech of a firearm by pushing or striking.
    After placing the cartridge in the musket, ram it down securely with the ramrod.
  4. (transitive, also figuratively) To force, cram or thrust (someone or something) into or through something.
    • 2023 July 4, Marina Hyde, “Who’s for political Bazball with Rishi? Voters? Tories? Anyone?”, in The Guardian[4]:
      Again: great to take lessons in ethics from a guy currently trying to ram through a policy of freighting refugees off to cuddly Rwandan president Paul Kagame.
  5. (transitive) To fill or compact by pounding or driving.
    rammed earth walls
  6. (slang) To thrust during sexual intercourse.
    • 1999, Mr.Web, Size Matters review by mr. web review Group: rec.arts.movies.erotica
      like feel a soft butt against their pelvis or ram a girl really hard with piston-like speed while she begs and screams for more
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Likely from Old Norse ramr, rammr (strong, rank, bitter), from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (strong, overbearing; acrid, rank), perhaps ultimately related to Etymology 1 above. Compare Scots ram (a rank odour). Compare also Middle English rammish (rank, offensive in smell).

Adjective edit

ram (comparative more ram, superlative most ram)

  1. (Northern England) Rancid; offensive in smell or taste.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin rāmus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ram m (plural rams)

  1. bouquet, bunch
  2. (architecture) flight of stairs
  3. (figurative) branch (area in business or of knowledge, research)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch ram (a male sheep), from Old Dutch *ram, of West-Germanic origin, possibly from Proto-Germanic *rammaz (strong). Cognate to English ram (a male sheep).

Noun edit

ram m (plural rammen, diminutive rammetje n, feminine ooi)

  1. ram (male sheep)
  2. male rabbit
  3. battering ram
Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: ram

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

ram

  1. inflection of rammen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams edit

Elfdalian edit

Adjective edit

ram

  1. hoarse

Inflection edit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Friulian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin rāmus.

Noun edit

ram m (plural rams)

  1. branch
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Vulgar Latin *arāmen, variant of Late Latin aerāmen, derived from Latin aer-. Compare Italian rame.

Noun edit

ram m

  1. copper

Gerka edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Related to Ngas am (water).

Noun edit

ram

  1. water

References edit

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: Gerka ram [ɣam, ref. < *ham] [Ftp. 1911, 221] = ɣàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 174], []

Haruai edit

Noun edit

ram

  1. house

Further reading edit

  • Dicky Gilbers, John A. Nerbonne, J. Schaeken, Languages in Contact (2000, →ISBN), page 84: "Examples of basic vocabulary items that are shared by Haruai and Kobon but not by Hagahai (on the basis of the lists in Davies and Comrie (1984)) include, for instance: Haruai ram, Kobon ram 'house';"

Kobon edit

Noun edit

ram

  1. house

Further reading edit

  • Bernard Comrie, Switch Reference in Huichol, in Switch-reference and Universal Grammar, edited by John Haiman, Pamela Munro, page 29 (in notes):
    hol bɨ kaj pak-ul ram ud ar-bul
    we-two man pig strike SS-1DU house take go I-1DU
    'we two killed a pig and took it home'
  • Dicky Gilbers, John A. Nerbonne, J. Schaeken, Languages in Contact (2000, →ISBN), page 84: "Examples of basic vocabulary items that are shared by Haruai and Kobon but not by Hagahai (on the basis of the lists in Davies and Comrie (1984)) include, for instance: Haruai ram, Kobon ram 'house';"

Maltese edit

Chemical element
Cu
Previous: nikil (Ni)
Next: żingu (Zn)

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Italian rame (copper).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ram m

  1. (chemistry) copper

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English ramm, from Proto-Germanic *rammaz.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ram/, /raːm/, /rɔm/

Noun edit

ram (plural rams)

  1. male sheep, ram
  2. (astrology) Aries
  3. pile driver, battering ram

Descendants edit

References edit

Middle High German edit

Noun edit

ram

  1. Alternative form of rame (frame)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Verb edit

ram

  1. imperative of ramme

Old Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rāmus. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French raim.

Noun edit

ram m (oblique plural rams, nominative singular rams, nominative plural ram)

  1. branch (of a tree, etc.)

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin rāmus, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds (root).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ram n (plural ramuri)

  1. (rare) branch, bough
    Synonyms: creangă, ramură

Related terms edit

Romansch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin rāmus.

Noun edit

ram m (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) branch (of tree, river, etc.)
  2. (Puter, education) subject
Alternative forms edit
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Germanic borrowing, ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *hramu (frame).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun edit

ram m (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) frame, framework
Alternative forms edit

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

ram f (plural rams)

  1. (Puter) knot, gnarl
Alternative forms edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Swedish rama, borrowed from Middle Low German rāme, from Old Saxon hrama.

Noun edit

ram c

  1. frame (e.g. around a painting)
  2. frame, boundaries (the set of options for actions given)
  3. frame (a context for understanding)
  4. bicycle frame
Declension edit
Declension of ram 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ram ramen ramar ramarna
Genitive rams ramens ramars ramarnas
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Swedish ramber, Old Norse hrammr (bear's claw; paw).

Noun edit

ram c

  1. a front paw of a bear
  2. (figuratively) a large hand
Declension edit
Declension of ram 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ram ramen ramar ramarna
Genitive rams ramens ramars ramarnas
See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Ternate edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ram

  1. (transitive) to wipe with both hands

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of ram
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toram foram miram
2nd noram niram
3rd Masculine oram iram, yoram
Feminine moram
Neuter iram
- archaic

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

From English rum.

Noun edit

ram

  1. rum

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Verb edit

ram (𤓆)

  1. (cooking) to sauté then braise with added water or coconut water
    sườn ramribs cooked with such a method

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

ram

  1. (Central Vietnam) fried spring roll
    Synonyms: nem rán, chả giò