See also: bìth, bíth, bið, biþ, and bith-

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bith, from Proto-Celtic *bitus (compare Welsh byd).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bith m (genitive singular beatha)

  1. (literary) world

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bith bhith mbith
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English biþ, third-person present singular of bēon (to be), from Proto-Germanic *biuþi, third-person present singular of *beuną (to be, become).

VerbEdit

bith

  1. Third-person singular present indicative form of been

Usage notesEdit

This form is less common than is except in southern dialects.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: bes, beeth (now obsolete or dialectal)

Old IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *bitus (compare Welsh byd).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bith m (genitive betho or betha, nominative plural betha)

  1. world
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 68b9
      cia beith ar n‑acathar nech inna rétu inducbaidi in betha so, arnach·corathar i mmoth ⁊ machthad dia seirc ⁊ dia n‑accubur
      though it be that someone sees the glorious things of this world, that he may not be put in stupor and admiration by love for them and by desire for them
DeclensionEdit
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bith bithL bethaH
Vocative bith bithL bithu
Accusative bithN bithL bithu
Genitive bethoH, bethaH bethoL, bethaL bethaeN
Dative biuthL bethaib bethaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bith

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person singular past subjunctive
    2. third-person singular future

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

bith

  1. Alternative spelling of bíth

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bith bith
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbith
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.