benefice

See also: Benefice and bénéfice

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old French benefice, from Latin beneficium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

benefice (plural benefices)

  1. Land granted to a priest in a church that has a source of income attached to it.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , NYRB, 2001, vol.1, p.323:
      If after long expectation, much expense, travel, earnest suit of ourselves and friends, we obtain a small benefice at last, our misery begins afresh […].
    • 2007, Edwin Mullins, The Popes of Avignon, Blue Bridge 2008, p.94:
      There were as many as one hundred thousand benefices offered during the period of his papacy, according to one chronicler and eyewitness.
  2. (obsolete) A favour or benefit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Baxter to this entry?)
  3. (feudal law) An estate in lands; a fief.

VerbEdit

benefice (third-person singular simple present benefices, present participle beneficing, simple past and past participle beneficed)

  1. To bestow a benefice upon
    • 1917, George A. Stephen, Three Centuries of a City Library[1]:
      There are two volumes, "The Open Door for Man's approach to God" (London, 1650) and "A Consideration of Infant Baptism" (London, 1653), by John Horne, who was beneficed at All Hallows, King's Lynn.
    • 1851, Horace Greeley, Glances at Europe[2]:
      You clergymen of the Established Church have been richly endowed and beneficed expressly for this work--why don't you DO it?

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French bénéfice.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌbeː.nəˈfis/, /ˌbeː.neːˈfis/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧ne‧fice

NounEdit

benefice m or n (plural benefices)

  1. (obsolete) An office, privilege or advantage
  2. (obsolete) A charitative event or institution.

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From beneficus (beneficent, generous) +‎

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

beneficē (comparative beneficius, no superlative)

  1. beneficently

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

benefice

  1. vocative masculine singular of beneficus

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin beneficium.

NounEdit

benefice m (oblique plural benefices, nominative singular benefices, nominative plural benefice)

  1. (ecclesiastical) benefice
  2. favour, advantage
  3. benefit