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CzechEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    jednoduchý (simple) + ‎-e → ‎jednoduše (simply)

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. desinence used to form dative singular and locative singular of some feminine nouns
    sestra (sister) + ‎-e → ‎sestře
  2. desinence used to form genitive singular, nominative plural, accusative plural and vocative plural of some feminine nouns
    kostrč (tailbone) + ‎-e → ‎kostrče
  3. desinence used to form vocative singular of some masculine animate nouns
    pan (Mr, Sir) + ‎-e → ‎pane
  4. desinence used to form genitive singular, accusative singular and accusative plural of some masculine animate nouns
    muž (man) + ‎-e → ‎muže
  5. desinence used to form vocative singular and locative singular of some masculine inanimate nouns
    les (forest) + ‎-e → ‎lese
  6. desinence used to form genitive singular, nominative plural, accusative plural and vocative plural of some masculine inanimate nouns
    stroj (machine) + ‎-e → ‎stroje

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From various suffixes of the Middle Dutch [Term?] adjective inflection.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to create the inflected form of an adjective, which is used after a definite determiner, or before masculine and feminine nouns in general.

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. suffix indicating the female form of occupations or inhabitants of countries


Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Dutch -e, from Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. (archaic) Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective.
    koud (cold)koude (the cold)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Dutch -e, the ending of the first and third person singular subjunctive.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (archaic) Used to form the singular subjunctive of a verb.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Latin and Italian adverbial suffix -e (as in bene "well"), perhaps reinforced by the Russian adverbial -e found after a palatalized consonant.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs
    bona (good) + ‎-e → ‎bone (well)
    unu (one) + ‎-e → ‎unue (firstly)
  2. the ending for correlatives of place

Derived termsEdit


EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh. Cognate to Finnish -e.

SuffixEdit

-e (genitive -e, partitive -et)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs.
    katma "to cover" → kate "cover"
    astuma "to step" → aste "a step"
    võtma "to take" → võte "trick", "mode", "way"
    mõtlema "to think" → mõte "thought"

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-e (genitive -eda, partitive -edat)

  1. Derives adjectives.
    lamama "to lay down" → lame "flat"
    krõbisema "to crunch" → krõbe "crunchy"
    tobu "fool" → tobe "silly", "dumb"

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used for forming nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    ottaa (to take (hold of))ote (grip)
    paha (bad, evil)pahe (vice)
    ääntää (to pronounce, enunciate)äänne (sound (in phonetics))

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
inessive -eessa -eissa
elative -eesta -eista
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eella -eilla
ablative -eelta -eilta
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eena -eina
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eetta -eitta
comitative -eineen
Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
inessive -eessä -eissä
elative -eestä -eistä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eellä -eillä
ablative -eeltä -eiltä
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eenä -einä
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eettä -eittä
comitative -eineen

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Silent; causes previous silent consonant to become pronounced

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. Used to form the feminine of adjectives.
    fort + ‎-e → ‎forte

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German -e, from Old High German , from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (now chiefly unproductive) used to form nouns from adjectives, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel; the nouns express the quality of the adjective
    stark (strong) + ‎-e → ‎Stärke (strength)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle High German -e, a merger of various Old High German vocalic endings.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. used to form the plural of some nouns; in masculines and feminines, but not in neuters, usually triggering umlaut of the root vowel
    Baum (tree) + ‎-e → ‎Bäume (trees)
    Nacht (night) + ‎-e → ‎Nächte (nights)
    Wort (word) + ‎-e → ‎Worte (words)
  2. (chiefly dated) used to form the dative of strong masculine and neuter nouns ending in a stressed syllable
    das Haus (house)dem Hause (usually: dem Haus)
  3. used to form various declined adjective forms, notably the nominative/accusative feminine singular
    schöndie schöne Frau
  4. used to form the 1st person singular present indicative (and subjunctive) of a verb
    gehen (geh- + -en) → ich gehe (colloquial or poetic: ich geh)
  5. used to form the 3rd person singular present subjunctive of a verb
    gehener gehe
  6. used to form the 1st and 3rd person singular past subjunctive of a verb
    gingich ginge, er ginge

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (colloquial) contraction of du after 2nd person singular forms of a verb
    hast duhaste

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. whether, if
    Nem tudom, voltál-e már Budapesten.I don't know if you've ever been in Budapest.
  2. Suffix for tag (yes/no) questions.
    1857, János Arany, A walesi bárdok (The Bards of Wales)
    Van-e ott folyó és földje jó?Is there a river and is its land good?
    Legelőin fű kövérAre the grasses rich on its meadows?
    Használt-e a megöntözés:Was the watering useful (i.e. to the meadows):
    A pártos honfivér?The rebel's blood?
Usage notesEdit

Always written with a hyphen. Used in tag (yes/no) questions, but not all such questions use -e: in most cases a question is indicated only by emphasis and question mark. Always attached to the main word (usually the verb) of the predicate of the phrase.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its (third-person singular, single possession)
    élet (life)az élete (his/her/its life)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -e
accusative -ét
dative -ének
instrumental -ével
causal-final -éért
translative -évé
terminative -éig
essive-formal -eként
essive-modal -éül
inessive -ében
superessive -én
adessive -énél
illative -ébe
sublative -ére
allative -éhez
elative -éből
delative -éről
ablative -étől

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto -e, from Latin .

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. -ly; used to form suffixes

Usage notesEdit

Any adjective can be converted into an adverb by swapping the -a suffix by -e.


IrishEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Alternative form of -ne (used after -nn in pronouns)

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. Used to form nouns from adjectives

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to form the genitive singular of second-declension nouns
  2. Used to form the plural of certain nouns

ItalianEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used with a stem to form the third-person present of regular -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isco"

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

-e

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(comparative -ius, superlative -issimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.
Usage notesEdit

The suffix is usually added to a first/second-declension adjective stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
clārus (famous, clear) + ‎-e → ‎clārē (famously, clearly)
pulcher (beautiful) + ‎-e → ‎pulchrē (beautifully)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

A regularly declined form of -us.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. vocative masculine singular of -us

See alsoEdit



LatvianEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
  2. Used to form (feminine) nouns from verb stems (e.g, iestādītiestāde, skatītskate).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit

Femine suffixes that include -e:


MaquiritariEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Adverbalizing suffix for verbs which results in a participle form; it is always accompanied by the prefix t- and an indicator referring to one of the arguments of the verb (w-, n-, or ∅-)
  2. Marker of circumstantial subordination of movement which indicates the reason for the movement described by the main verb

ReferencesEdit

  • Cáceres, Natalia. Grammaire Fonctionelle-Typologique du Ye'kwana.

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives, mostly those expressing physical properties.
    Synonyms: -ede, -heit

Usage notesEdit

This suffix originally triggered umlaut of the root vowel. This is seen in some words (kelde, from cout), but not in others (coude).

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: -e

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From West Germanic *, from Proto-Germanic *-ê, which survives otherwise only in Gothic (and possibly Old Norse).

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. forming adverbs from adjectives; -ly

Derived termsEdit



Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin -a.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. used to form feminine forms of nouns and adjectives

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: -e
    • French: -e

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-e f

  1. Forms concrete or abstract nouns from adjectives.
    cathach (bellicose) + ‎-e → ‎cathaige (warlike spirit)
    sáer (free) + ‎-e → ‎saíre (freedom, liberty)

Usage notesEdit

This suffix palatalises the preceding consonant.

InflectionEdit

Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -eL -iL -i
Vocative -eL -iL -i
Accusative -iN -iL -i
Genitive -e -eL -eN
Dative -iL -ib -ib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit



RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -ae (first-declension ending)

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notesEdit
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in , and some neuter nouns (with may or may not take plural -uri):
  • mame, from mamă, fem.
  • vise (also visuri), from vis, neut.
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -e (second-declension vocative ending)

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Vocative singular (masculine/neuter)
Oh!
Usage notesEdit
  • This suffixed used with masculine and neuter definite nouns in -l and -ul:
bărbatule!, from bărbatul, masc.
tatăle!, from tatăl, masc.
visule!, from visul, neut.
  • This suffix is absorbed in masculine and neuter definite nouns in -le:
fratele!, from fratele, masc.
numele!, from numele, neut.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin -ere, the ending of the present active infinitive form of third conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -er, Italian -ere, etc.

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the truncated stem (up to the second syllable) of a proper name to create a masculine or feminine hypocoristic.
    KatarínaKáte
    MàrijaMáre
    JȕrājJúre
    MàtijaMáte

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-e, from Proto-Indo-European *-e, not a desinence per se but a thematic vowel in e-grade.

SuffixEdit

-e (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the nominal stem to create vocative singular. Used for masculine and neuter a-stems.
    vȗkvȗče (vocative singular)

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. Conjugates verbs into the subjunctive mood (archaic except for the past subjunctive of vara: vore)
  2. Marker of definiteness on past participles ending in -ad
  3. Marker of plural on past participles ending in -ad
  4. Marker of definiteness on superlatives ending in -ast
  5. Marker of definiteness on adjectives describing nouns with masculine semantic gender (sex)

TurkishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-e

  1. to (puts the word into the dative case)

TzotzilEdit

CliticEdit

-e

  1. Phrase-final clitic used when an article precedes at least one word.
    ti vinikethe man

ReferencesEdit