Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish bir (stake).[4]

Noun edit

bior m (genitive singular beara, nominative plural bioranna)

  1. point, tip
  2. spike
  3. spur
  4. pin
  5. (cooking) spit
  6. (cricket) point, fielding position between gully and cover
Declension edit
  • Alternative genitive plural: bear
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish bir (water; spring, well, stream).[5]

Noun edit

bior m (genitive singular beara)

  1. (literary) water
Declension edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bior bhior mbior
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 58
  2. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 95
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 44
  4. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 bir”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  5. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “2 bir”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Further reading edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish bir (stake).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bior m (genitive singular biora, plural bioran)

  1. spike, tine, prong
  2. spit, skewer
  3. pin, prick, thorn
  4. cusp

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Mutation edit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bior bhior
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “bior”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 bir”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language