English edit

 
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pins (sharpened steel wire with a head)
 
Wikimedia project lapel pins / badge

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: pĭn, IPA(key): /pɪn/, [pʰɪn]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn
  • Homophone: pen (pin-pen merger)

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn (pin, peg, bolt), from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- (protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge). Related to pen (enclosure).

Cognate with Dutch pin (peg, pin), Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin). More at pintle.

No relation to classical Latin pinna (fin, flipper, wing-like appendage, wing, feather), which was extended to mean "ridge, peak, point" (compare pinnacle), and often confused with Latin penna (wing, feather). More at feather and pen (Etymology 3).

Noun edit

pin (plural pins)

  1. A needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
  2. A small nail with a head and a sharp point.
  3. A cylinder often of wood or metal used to fasten or as a bearing between two parts.
    Pull the pin out of the grenade before throwing it at the enemy.
  4. (wrestling, professional wrestling) The victory condition of holding the opponent's shoulders on the wrestling mat for a prescribed period of time.
  5. A slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  6. (informal, in the plural) A leg.
    I'm not so good on my pins these days.
  7. (electricity) Any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector.
    The UK standard connector for domestic mains electricity has three pins.
  8. A piece of jewellery that is attached to clothing with a pin.
  9. (US) A simple accessory that can be attached to clothing with a pin or fastener, often round and bearing a design, logo or message, and used for decoration, identification or to show political affiliation, etc.
    Synonyms: lapel pin, badge
  10. (chess) Either a scenario in which moving a lesser piece to escape from attack would expose a more valuable piece to being taken instead, or one where moving a piece is impossible as it would place the king in check.
  11. (golf) The flagstick: the flag-bearing pole which marks the location of a hole
  12. (curling) The spot at the exact centre of the house (the target area)
    The shot landed right on the pin.
  13. (archery) The spot at the exact centre of the target, originally a literal pin that fastened the target in place.
  14. (obsolete) A mood, a state of being.
  15. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each person should drink.
  16. (medicine, obsolete) Caligo.
  17. A thing of small value; a trifle.
  18. A peg in musical instruments for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.
  19. (engineering) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
  20. The tenon of a dovetail joint.
  21. (UK, brewing) A size of brewery cask, equal to half a firkin, or eighth of a barrel.
    • 1978, Hugh Verity, chapter 2, in We landed by moonlight, Manchester: Crécy Publishing, →ISBN, page 22=:
      Our ground crew were lodged in the main station, but they came to the cottage for a party when operations for the night had been cancelled and we had a new ‘gong’ (decoration) to celebrate. On these occasions we always installed a pin of bitter.
  22. (informal) A pinball machine.
    I spent most of my time in the arcade playing pins.
    • 1949, Billboard, volume 61, page 82:
      Attracted by game operation, many invested heavily in pins and rolldowns prior to last spring.
  23. (locksmithing) A small cylindrical object which blocks the rotation of a pin-tumbler lock when the incorrect key is inserted.
Synonyms edit
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Terms derived from pin (noun)
Descendants edit
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: pins
  • Polish: pin
  • Spanish: pin
  • Swahili: pini
  • Swedish: pin, pins
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also edit

Verb edit

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. (often followed by a preposition such as "to" or "on") To fasten or attach (something) with a pin.
  2. (chess, usually passive voice) To cause (a piece) to be in a pin.
  3. (wrestling) To pin down (someone).
    He pinned his opponent on the mat.
  4. To enclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
  5. (computing, graphical user interface, transitive) To attach (an icon, application, message etc.) to another item so that it persists.
    Antonym: unpin
    to pin a folder to the taskbar
  6. (programming, transitive) To fix (an array in memory, a security certificate, etc.) so that it cannot be modified.
    Antonym: unpin
    When marshaling data, the interop marshaler can copy or pin the data being marshaled.
    • 2012, Ian Griffiths, Programming C# 5.0, page 244:
      [] you can use the GCHandle class mentioned earlier to pin a heap block until you explicitly unpin it.
  7. (transitive) To cause an analog gauge to reach the stop pin at the high end of the range.
    Synonym: peg
    • 1979, Al Greenwood, Lou Gramm, “Rev on the Red Line”, in Head Games:
      Now I need to pin those needles.
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. Alternative form of peen

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English pin.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. (electronics) lead
  2. pin (ornament)

Chuukese edit

Adjective edit

pin

  1. holy

Synonyms edit

Cimbrian edit

Verb edit

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of zèinan: am

Cornish edit

Noun edit

pin f (singulative pinen)

  1. pines

Synonyms edit

Danish edit

Verb edit

pin

  1. imperative of pine

Dutch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch pinne, from Old Dutch *pinna, from Proto-West Germanic *pinnā, of obscure origin. Cognate with English pin, Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin f (plural pinnen, diminutive pinnetje n)

  1. peg, pin
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviation

Noun edit

pin

  1. Abbreviation of persoonlijk identificatienummer.

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

pin

  1. inflection of pinnen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French pin, from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine, pine tree

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pīnus.

Noun edit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine tree

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch pin, from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- 'protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge'.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɪn]
  • Hyphenation: pin

Noun edit

pin

  1. pin
    1. (colloquial) a needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
      Synonym: peniti
    2. a slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  2. (colloquial) peg.
    Synonym: pasak

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

pin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ピン

Kapampangan edit

Particle edit

pin

  1. A particle used to indicate affirmation.
    Wapin.
    I agree.
    Istu yapin.
    it's indeed correct.
    Ikapin.
    Yeah, it's you.

Latvian edit

Verb edit

pin

  1. inflection of pīt:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person plural present indicative
    3. second-person singular imperative
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of pīt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of pīt

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

pin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pīn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pín.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pǐn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pìn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mapudungun edit

Verb edit

pin (Raguileo spelling)

  1. To say
  2. To tell (a story).
  3. first-person singular realis form of pin

Synonyms edit

Ojibwe edit

Noun edit

pin anim (plural piniig, diminutive piniins, locative piniing, pejorative pinish)

  1. potato

Papantla Totonac edit

Noun edit

pin inan

  1. chili. chili pepper.

References edit

  • Crescencio García Ramos, Diccionario Básico Totonaco-Español Español-Totonaco (Xalapa, Academia Veracruzana de las Lenguas Indígenas, 2007)

Piedmontese edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m

  1. pine

Derived terms edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English pin, from Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn, from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint-, from Proto-Indo-European *bend-.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m inan

  1. (electricity) lead, pin (any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector)

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • pin in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rawang edit

Etymology edit

Compare Chinese (bīng).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin

  1. army.
  2. soldier.

Synonyms edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

Noun edit

pin m (plural pini)

  1. pine

Declension edit

See also edit

Romansch edit

Alternative forms edit

  • pign (Rumantsch Grischun)
  • pégn (Sursilvan)
  • pegn (Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

Etymology edit

From Latin pīnus.

Noun edit

pin m

  1. (Puter, Vallader) spruce, fir

Synonyms edit

Seta edit

Noun edit

pin

  1. woman

References edit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Spanish edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpin/ [ˈpĩn]
  • Rhymes: -in
  • Syllabification: pin

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English pin.

Noun edit

pin m (plural pines)

  1. pin, lapel pin, badge
    Synonym: insignia
  2. (electricity) pin (any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector)

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English PIN, acronym of personal identification number.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

pin m (plural pines)

  1. PIN, PIN number
    Synonym: número pin

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Clipping of pinsam, with the same meaning.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

pin (comparative mer pin, superlative mest pin)

  1. (colloquial) embarrassing
    Så jäkla pin asså!
    So f--ing embarrassing!
Declension edit

Invariable, not used in the definite form.

Etymology 2 edit

From pina.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin

  1. (mostly in (reference to) the phrase below) pain, torment
Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

pin (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) very, really, super-
    Synonyms: jätte-, väldigt
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from English pin.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin n

  1. Alternative form of pins
Usage notes edit

The form with -s is recommended since it's easier to decline in Swedish.

References edit

Turkish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishپین(pin), borrowed from a dialectal form of Armenian բույն (buyn, nest).

Noun edit

pin (definite accusative pini, plural pinler)

  1. (dialectal) coop for poultry

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative pin
Definite accusative pini
Singular Plural
Nominative pin pinler
Definite accusative pini pinleri
Dative pine pinlere
Locative pinde pinlerde
Ablative pinden pinlerden
Genitive pinin pinlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinin pinlerin
3rd singular pini pinleri
1st plural pinimiz pinlerimiz
2nd plural pininiz pinleriniz
3rd plural pinleri pinleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular pinimi pinlerimi
2nd singular pinini pinlerini
3rd singular pinini pinlerini
1st plural pinimizi pinlerimizi
2nd plural pininizi pinlerinizi
3rd plural pinlerini pinlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular pinime pinlerime
2nd singular pinine pinlerine
3rd singular pinine pinlerine
1st plural pinimize pinlerimize
2nd plural pininize pinlerinize
3rd plural pinlerine pinlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular pinimde pinlerimde
2nd singular pininde pinlerinde
3rd singular pininde pinlerinde
1st plural pinimizde pinlerimizde
2nd plural pininizde pinlerinizde
3rd plural pinlerinde pinlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular pinimden pinlerimden
2nd singular pininden pinlerinden
3rd singular pininden pinlerinden
1st plural pinimizden pinlerimizden
2nd plural pininizden pinlerinizden
3rd plural pinlerinden pinlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular pinimin pinlerimin
2nd singular pininin pinlerinin
3rd singular pininin pinlerinin
1st plural pinimizin pinlerimizin
2nd plural pininizin pinlerinizin
3rd plural pinlerinin pinlerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinsin pinlersin
3rd singular pin
pindir
pinler
pinlerdir
1st plural piniz pinleriz
2nd plural pinsiniz pinlersiniz
3rd plural pinler pinlerdir

Synonyms edit

References edit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բոյն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • pin”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Vietnamese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French pile.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(classifier cục) pin

  1. a battery
  2. the amount of electricity that a battery holds
    Điện thoại tao hết pin rồi.
    My phone is dead.
    (literally, “My phone has run out of "battery".”)

Derived terms edit

Welsh edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin pīnus (compare Middle Irish pín).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m or m pl (uncountable)

  1. pine (tree)
  2. pine (wood)
Usage notes edit

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pin to the superseded form pîn.

Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin m (plural pinnau)

  1. Misspelling of pìn.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pin bin mhin phin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “pin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin

  1. bee

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[1], Pacific linguistics

Yapese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *papine, from Proto-Austronesian *bahi (woman).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pin

  1. woman

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pin

  1. to terminate; to come to an end
    Ọ̀nà ti pinThe road has ended
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Igala kpẹ́

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

pín

  1. to divide
    O fẹ́ tọ́ ọ wò àbí? Màá pín in sí méjì.Do you want to taste it? I'll divide it in two.
  2. to share out; to distribute
    Àwọn apẹja pín èyí tí wọ́n pa fún gbogbo abúléThe fishermen shared their catch with the village
Derived terms edit