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See also: PIN, pīn, pín, pǐn, pìn, pîn, and piņ

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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pins (sharpened steel wire with a head)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English pinne, from Old English pinn (pin, peg, bolt), from Proto-Germanic *pinnaz, *pinnō, *pint- (protruding point, peak, peg, pin, nail), from Proto-Indo-European *bend- (protruding object, pointed peg, nail, edge). Cognate with Dutch pin (peg, pin), Low German pin, pinne (pin, point, nail, peg), German Pinn, Pinne (pin, tack, peg), Bavarian Pfonzer, Pfunzer (sharpened point), Danish pind (pin, pointed stick), Norwegian pinn (stick), Swedish pinne (peg, rod, stick), Icelandic pinni (pin). More at pintle.

No relation to classical Latin pinna (fin, flipper, wing-like appendage, wing, feather), which was extended to mean "ridge, peak, point" (compare pinnacle), and often confused with Latin penna (wing, feather). More at feather.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: pĭn, IPA(key): /pɪn/, [pʰɪn]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn
  • Homophone: pen (pin-pen merger)

NounEdit

pin (plural pins)

  1. A sewing pin or ballhead pin: a needle without an eye (usually) made of drawn-out steel wire with one end sharpened and the other flattened or rounded into a head, used for fastening.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      With pins of adamant / And chains they made all fast.
  2. A small nail with a head and a sharp point.
  3. A cylinder often of wood or metal used to fasten or as a bearing between two parts.
    Pull the pin out of the grenade before throwing it at the enemy.
  4. (wrestling) The victory condition of holding the opponent's shoulders on the wrestling mat for a prescribed period of time.
  5. A slender object specially designed for use in a specific game or sport, such as skittles or bowling.
  6. (informal, in the plural) A leg.
    I'm not so good on my pins these days.
  7. (electricity) Any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector.
    The UK standard connector for domestic mains electricity has three pins.
  8. A piece of jewellery that is attached to clothing with a pin.
  9. (US) A simple accessory that can be attached to clothing with a pin or fastener, often round and bearing a design, logo or message, and used for decoration, identification or to show political affiliation, etc.
    Synonyms: badge, lapel pin
  10. (chess) A scenario in which moving a lesser piece to escape from attack would expose a more valuable piece to attack.
  11. (golf) The flagstick: the flag-bearing pole which marks the location of a hole
  12. (curling) The spot at the exact centre of the house (the target area)
    The shot landed right on the pin.
  13. (dated) A mood, a state of being.
  14. One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each person should drink.
  15. (medicine, obsolete) caligo
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  16. A thing of small value; a trifle.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Spectator
      He [] did not care a pin for her.
  17. A peg in musical instruments for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.
  18. (engineering) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.
  19. The tenon of a dovetail joint.
  20. (Britain, brewing) A size of brewery cask, equal to half a firkin, or eighth of a barrel.
  21. (informal) A pinball machine.
    I spent most of my time in the arcade playing pins.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

pin (third-person singular simple present pins, present participle pinning, simple past and past participle pinned)

  1. (often followed by a preposition such as "to" or "on") To fasten or attach (something) with a pin.
  2. (chess, usually passive) To cause (a piece) to be in a pin.
  3. (wrestling) To pin down (someone).
  4. To enclose; to confine; to pen; to pound.
  5. (computing, graphical user interface, transitive) To attach (an icon, application, etc.) to another item.
    to pin a window to the Taskbar
  6. (computing, transitive) To fix (an array in memory, a security certificate, etc.) so that it cannot be modified.
    When marshaling data, the interop marshaler can copy or pin the data being marshaled.
  7. Alternative form of peen

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. (electronics) lead
  2. pin (ornament)

ChuukeseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pin

  1. holy

SynonymsEdit


CornishEdit

NounEdit

pin f (singulative pinen)

  1. pines

SynonymsEdit


DanishEdit

VerbEdit

pin

  1. imperative of pine

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin f (plural pinnen, diminutive pinnetje n)

  1. peg, pin

VerbEdit

pin

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pinnen
  2. imperative of pinnen

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French pin, from Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine, pine tree

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pīnus.

NounEdit

pin m (plural pins)

  1. pine tree

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

pin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ピン

LatvianEdit

VerbEdit

pin

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of pīt
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of pīt
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of pīt
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of pīt
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of pīt

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

pin

  1. Nonstandard spelling of pīn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of pín.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of pǐn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of pìn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

MapudungunEdit

VerbEdit

pin (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. To say
  2. To tell (a story).
  3. First-person singular realis mood form of pin.

SynonymsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pīnus, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *poi- (sap, juice).

NounEdit

pin m (plural pini)

  1. pine

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) pign
  • (Sursilvan) pégn
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) pegn

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pīnus.

NounEdit

pin m

  1. (Puter, Vallader) spruce, fir

SynonymsEdit


SetaEdit

NounEdit

pin

  1. woman

ReferencesEdit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English pin

NounEdit

pin m (plural pines)

  1. pin, lapel pin
  2. (electricity) pin (any of the individual connecting elements of a multipole electrical connector)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English PIN, acronym of personal identification number

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

pin m (plural pines)

  1. PIN, PIN number

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Clipping of pinsam, with the same meaning.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pin (comparative mer pin, superlative mest pin)

  1. (colloquial) embarrasing
    Så jäkla pin asså!
    So f--ing embarrassing!
DeclensionEdit

Invariable, not used in the definite form.

Etymology 2Edit

From pina.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

pin (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) very, really, super-
    Synonyms: jätte-, väldigt
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Borrowed from English pin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin n

  1. Alternative form of pins
Usage notesEdit

The form with -s is recommended since it's easier to decline in Swedish.

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • pim (Van)
  • pindik (Çorum)
  • pine (Kahramanmaraş, Sivas, Yozgat, Nevşehir, Adana)
  • pinelik (Ankara, Gümüşhane, Kayseri)
  • pines (Trabzon, Rize, Tekirdağ, Ankara, Adana)
  • pineslik (Ankara)
  • pinez (Trabzon)
  • pinezlik (Giresun)
  • pinlik (Kastamonu, Çorum, Sinop, Samsun, Tokat, Kırşehir, Kayserii)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Armenian բույն (buyn, nest) (from Western Armenian pronunciation).

NounEdit

pin (definite accusative pini, plural pinler)

  1. (dialectal) coop for poultry

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative pin
Definite accusative pini
Singular Plural
Nominative pin pinler
Definite accusative pini pinleri
Dative pine pinlere
Locative pinde pinlerde
Ablative pinden pinlerden
Genitive pinin pinlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinin pinlerin
3rd singular pini pinleri
1st plural pinimiz pinlerimiz
2nd plural pininiz pinleriniz
3rd plural pinleri pinleri
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular pinim pinlerim
2nd singular pinsin pinlersin
3rd singular pin
pindir
pinler
pinlerdir
1st plural piniz pinleriz
2nd plural pinsiniz pinlersiniz
3rd plural pinler pinlerdir

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բոյն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • pin”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French pile.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier cục) pin

  1. a battery
  2. the amount of electricity that a battery holds
    Điện thoại tao hết pin rồi.
    My phone is dead.
    (literally, “My phone has run out of "battery".”)

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin pīnus (compare Middle Irish pín).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin m (uncountable)

  1. pine (tree or wood)

Usage notesEdit

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pin to older pîn.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin penna, pinna (feather, pen).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin m (plural pinnau)

  1. pen

Usage notesEdit

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pìn to pin.

Etymology 3Edit

From Old English pinn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin m (plural pinnau)

  1. pin
  2. bobbin

Usage notesEdit

Modern Welsh orthography prefers the form pìn to pin.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pin bin mhin phin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Angharad Fychan and Ann Parry Owen, editors (2014), “pin”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

YapeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Oceanic *papine, from Proto-Austronesian *bahi (woman).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pin

  1. woman