blīvs

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A 20th-century derivation by back-formation from the adverb blīviski(densely), short form blīvi, itself a 19th-century derivation from the verb blīvēt(to pack tightly, to make dense), an 18th-century borrowing from Low German flīen, Middle Low German vlīen or Middle Dutch vlijen(to order, stack, lay down in layers).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

blīvs (def. blīvais, comp. blīvāks, sup. visblīvākais; adv. blīvi)

  1. dense, compact, thick (such that its parts are tight, very close to each other)
    blīva viela‎ ― dense, thick substance, material
    blīva masa‎ ― dense mass
    blīva augsne‎ ― compact soil
  2. tight, solid, compact, dense (without gaps; pressed, pulled tight, fitting tightly)
    blīvs audums‎ ― solid, continuous fabric
    blīvs spraugu pildījums‎ ― solid, dense gap filling
    logs bija aizklāts ar blīvu aizkaru, un ne mazākais saules stariņš neiespīdēja istabā‎ ― the window was covered with a heavy, tight curtain; not even the slightest ray of sunshine could get into the room
    beidzot vāvere uzliek ligzdai pamatīgu, blīvu lapu jumtu, lai nesūktos cauri lietus‎ ― finally the squirrel made for (his) nest a roof of dense, compact leaves, so that the rain wouldn't leak through (it)
  3. dense, packed (where living beings are very close to each other)
    blīva drūzma‎ ― dense, packed crowd
    pavasaros uz Sahalīnas piekrasti dodas tik blīvi siļķu bari, ka uz zivju mugurām stāv kaijas‎ ― in spring such tight, packed herring schools come to the coast of Sakhalin that [seagulls can] stand on the backs of the fish
    rudeņos blīvā straumē ceļo uz dienvidiem žubītes un citi sīkie putni‎ ― in autumn finches and other small birds travel south in a dense stream

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “blīvēt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7