LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *breɣʷis, from Proto-Indo-European *mréǵʰus. Cognates include Ancient Greek βραχύς (brakhús), English merry, Sanskrit मुहु (muhu).

AdjectiveEdit

brevis (neuter breve, comparative brevior, superlative brevissimus, adverb breviter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (of distance) short, small, little, narrow
  2. (of time) brief, short
  3. (of height or depth) short, low, shallow
  4. (phonology, of a syllable) short
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative brevis breve brevēs brevia
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem breve brevēs
brevīs
brevia
Ablative brevī brevibus
Vocative brevis breve brevēs brevia
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Short for brevis liber.

NounEdit

brevis m (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. (Late Latin)
  2. short catalog, summary
    Synonym: breviārium
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs

Etymology 3Edit

Short for brevis syllaba.

NounEdit

brevis f (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. dactyl
    Synonym: dactylus
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

brevis f (genitive brevis); third declension

  1. (orthography, printing) breve
  2. (music) breve (British), whole note (US)
    • d. 1369 CE, Simon Tunsted (attributed), Quattuor principalia musicae 256b, (as cited in "brevis", Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources):
      que quidem notule alique vocantur longe et alique breves
      Among these notes, some are called "longae" and others "breves".
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative brevis brevēs
Genitive brevis brevium
Dative brevī brevibus
Accusative brevem brevēs
brevīs
Ablative breve brevibus
Vocative brevis brevēs
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • brevis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • brevis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • brevis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • brevis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • for a short time: brevis or exigui temporis