See also: cèile and -cèile

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish céile, from Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee (genitive)), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

céile m (genitive singular céile, nominative plural céilí)

  1. companion
  2. spouse

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
céile chéile gcéile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Primitive Irish ᚉᚓᚂᚔ (celi, follower, devotee, genitive), from Proto-Celtic *kēlyos.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

céile m (genitive céili, nominative plural céili)

  1. servant, bondsman, subject
  2. (law) liege, vassal, the recipient of a fief
  3. fellow, companion, neighbour
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 59a15
      huadsom dia cheliu
      from himself to his fellow
  4. husband
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 125a2
      amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili
  5. (rare) wife
  6. (pronominally) one, the other
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 6d4
      íroimed cách achéele per caritatem
      glosses suscipite uos nuicem

DeclensionEdit

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative céile céileL céiliL
Vocative céili céileL céiliu
Accusative céileN céileL céiliuH
Genitive céiliL céileL céileN
Dative céiliuL céilib céilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: céile
  • Manx: keilley
  • Scottish Gaelic: cèile

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
céile chéile céile
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit