companion

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English companion, from Old French compaignon (companion) (modern French compagnon), from Late Latin compāniōn- (nominative singular compāniō, whence French copain), from com- +‎ pānis (literally, with + bread), a word first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a calque of a Germanic word, probably Frankish *galaibo, *gahlaibō (messmate, literally with-bread), from Proto-Germanic *gahlaibô. Compare also Old High German galeipo (messmate) and Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐌰 (gahlaiba, messmate); and, for the semantics, compare Old Armenian ընկեր (ənker, friend, literally messmate). More at co-, loaf. Displaced native Old English ġefēra.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kəmˈpænjən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: com‧pan‧ion

NounEdit

companion (plural companions)

  1. A friend, acquaintance, or partner; someone with whom one spends time or accompanies
    His dog has been his trusted companion for the last five years.
    • 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene v]:
      Here are your sons again; and I must lose / Two of the sweetest companions in the world.
    • 2017 September 27, David Browne, "Hugh Hefner, 'Playboy' Founder, Dead at 91," Rolling Stone
      For the most part, Hefner's female companions all adhered to the same mold: twentysomething, bosomy and blonde. "Well, I guess I know what I like," he once said when asked about his preferences.
  2. (dated) A person employed to accompany or travel with another.
  3. (nautical) The framework on the quarterdeck of a sailing ship through which daylight entered the cabins below.
  4. (nautical) The covering of a hatchway on an upper deck which leads to the companionway; the stairs themselves.
  5. (topology) A knot in whose neighborhood another, specified knot meets every meridian disk.
  6. (figuratively) A thing or phenomenon that is closely associated with another thing, phenomenon, or person.
  7. (attributive) An appended source of media or information, designed to be used in conjunction with and to enhance the main material.
    The companion guide gives an in-depth analysis of this particular translation.
  8. (astronomy) A celestial object that is associated with another.
  9. A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders.
    a companion of the Bath
  10. (obsolete, derogatory) A fellow; a rogue.

SynonymsEdit

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TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

companion (third-person singular simple present companions, present participle companioning, simple past and past participle companioned)

  1. (obsolete) To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.
    • 1865, John Ruskin, Precious Thoughts
      we had better turn south quickly and compare the elements of education which formed , and of creation which companioned , Salvator .
  2. (obsolete) To qualify as a companion; to make equal.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French compagnon.

NounEdit

companion m (plural companioni)

  1. companion

DeclensionEdit