EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English felowe, felawe, felage, from Old Norse félagi (fellow, companion, associate, shareholder, colleague), from félag (partnership, literally a laying together of property), from the Germanic bases of two words represented in English by fee and law. Cognate with Scots falow, fallow, follow (associate, comrade, companion), Danish fælle (companion), Norwegian felle (companion), Faroese felagi (member, partner), Icelandic félagi (comrade, mate).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fellow (plural fellows)

  1. (obsolete) A colleague or partner.
    • 2019, Anna Stilz, Territorial Sovereignty: A Philosophical Exploration, page 99:
      Yet our imagined neighbor is insensitive to the need to engage her fellows in this way. She does not offer them any reasons that might lead them to share her point of view about what justice requires, nor does she inquire into, or respond to, their reasons for not sharing it.
  2. (archaic) A companion; a comrade.
  3. One of a pair, or of two things used together or suited to each other; a mate.
  4. A person (thing, etc) comparable in characteristics:
    1. An equal in power, rank, character, etc.
    2. (chiefly attributive) A person with common characteristics, being of the same kind, or in the same group.
      Roger and his fellow workers are to go on strike.
      my fellow Americans
      • 1888, James Francis Hogan, The Irish in Australia
        writing a history of my fellow-countrymen in Australasia
      • 2016, Mrs Arthur Lyttelton, Women and Their Work:
        There are journalists who work for a low rate of pay, just as there are poor women who take in needlework at a cheaper rate than their fellows,
      • 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail, page 68:
        My fellow passengers are a mixture of people returning from a day out in the capital, locals doing short hops, and a few (like me) heading farther afield.
    3. (Britain slang, obsolete) Synonym of schoolmate: a student at the same school.
  5. (colloquial) A male person; a man.
    • 1910, Saki [pseudonym; Hector Hugh Munro], “The Strategist”, in Reginald in Russia and Other Sketches, London: Methuen & Co. [], OCLC 1263167, page 85:
      "There'll be about ten girls," speculated Rollo, as he drove to the function, "and I suppose four fellows, unless the Wrotsleys bring their cousin, which Heaven forbid. That would mean Jack and me agains three of them."
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “A very welcome, kind, useful present, that means to the parish. By the way, Hopkins, let this go no further. We don't want the tale running round that a rich person has arrived. Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing. []
  6. (obsolete) A man without good breeding or worth; an ignoble or mean man.
  7. (rare, usually qualified by an adjective or used in the plural) A person; an individual, regardless of gender.
    • 1860 December – 1861 August, Charles Dickens, chapter 37, in Great Expectations [], volume II, London: Chapman and Hall, [], published October 1861, OCLC 3359935, page 287:
      The cut of her dress from the waist upward, both before and behind, made her figure very like a boy's kite; and I might have pronounced her gown a little too decidedly-orange, and her gloves a little too intensely green. But she seemed to be a good sort of fellow, and showed a high regard for the Aged.
    • 1849, Hamlet travestie, a burlesque[1], page 21:
      Horns sound , and distant voices are heard singing : For she's a jolly good fellow, the Queen's a jolly good fellow, She is a jolly good fellow, which nobody can deny
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, quoting Mr. Morris, Dracula[2], page 55:
      Lucy, you are an honest-hearted girl, I know. I should not be here speaking to you as I am now if I did not believe you clean grit, right through to the very depths of your soul. Tell me, like one good fellow to another, is there any one else that you care for?
    • 2016, Laura Lee Hope, The Moving Picture Girls at Sea[3], page 5:
      But there was a wholesome air of good health about her that caused one to think of a "jolly good fellow," rather than a girl who needed to be helped on and off trolly cars.
    • 2020, H. A. Lamb, Call of the Caribbean[4]:
      I had been studying the strange girl. []
      "What kind fellow this Mary?" I asked him.
      Johnny Gorai shook his beflowered head vigorously. At the same time a crafty gleam crept into his faded eyes.
      “What for Johnny Gorai know ’em good fellow Mary?” he asked in the bêche de mer which passed with him for English.
      “Don’t lie to me,” I said. “You know ’em this fellow woman—or you’ve heard of her. Who is she?”
  8. A rank or title in the professional world, usually given as "Fellow".
    1. In the English universities, a scholar who is appointed to a foundation called a fellowship, which gives a title to certain perquisites and privileges.
    2. In an American college or university, a member of the corporation which manages its business interests; also, a graduate appointed to a fellowship, who receives the income of the foundation.
    3. A member of a literary or scientific society
      a Fellow of the Royal Society
    4. The most senior rank or title one can achieve on a technical career in certain companies (though some Fellows also hold business titles such as Vice President or Chief Technology Officer). This is typically found in large corporations in research and development-intensive industries (IBM or Sun Microsystems in information technology, and Boston Scientific in Medical Devices for example). They appoint a small number of senior scientists and engineers as Fellows.
    5. In the US and Canada, a physician who is undergoing a supervised, sub-specialty medical training (fellowship) after completing a specialty training program (residency).
  9. (Aboriginal English) Used as a general intensifier.
    • 1991, Jimmy Chi, Bran Nue Dae, in Heiss & Minter, Macquarie PEN Anthology of Aboriginal Literature, Allen & Unwin 2008, p. 137:
      This fella song all about the Aboriginal people, coloured people, black people longa Australia.

Usage notesEdit

In North America, fellow is less likely to be used for a man in general in comparison to other words that have the same purpose. Nevertheless, it is still used by some. In addition, it has a good bit of use as an academic or medical title or membership.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

fellow (third-person singular simple present fellows, present participle fellowing, simple past and past participle fellowed)

  1. To suit with; to pair with; to match.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit