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IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish caín.

AdjectiveEdit

caoin (genitive singular masculine caoin, genitive singular feminine caoine, plural caoine, comparative caoine)

  1. smooth, delicate, polished
  2. kind, gentle, refined
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish caín (smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.).

NounEdit

caoin f (genitive singular caoine)

  1. smooth surface
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Irish caínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn (lament)).

VerbEdit

caoin (present analytic caoineann, future analytic caoinfidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. keen, lament
  2. cry, weep
ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caoin chaoin gcaoin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "caoin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • caínid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish caínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn (lament)).

VerbEdit

caoin (past chaoin, future caoinidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe)

  1. mourn, lament, grieve
  2. cry, weep
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish caín (smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.).

NounEdit

caoin f (genitive singular caoine, no plural)

  1. exterior, outer side (of garment)
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • 2 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • caínid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.