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EnglishEdit

 
A common chicory (Cichorium intybus) flower (sense 1).
 
A chicory (Cichorium endivia) salad or endive (sense 1.2)
 
Roasted chicory roots used as coffee substitute (sense 2).

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French chicorée, from Old French cicoree, from Late Latin *cichōria, from Latin cichōrium, from Ancient Greek κιχώριον (kikhṓrion). Doublet of succory.

NounEdit

chicory (countable and uncountable, plural chicories)

  1. (botany) Either of two plants of the Asteraceae family
    1. Common chicory (Cichorium intybus), the source of radicchio, Belgian endive, and sugarloaf.
    2. Endive (Cichorium endivia), the source of escarole and frisée.
  2. (cooking) A coffee substitute made from the roasted roots of the common chicory, sometimes used as a cheap adulterant in real coffee.
    • 1774, William Crookes, The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, page 129:
      It is a very prevalent idea that the admixture of chicory with coffee is a decided improvement, and de gustibus non est disputandum; but the low price of chicory as compared with coffee is a strong temptation to increase the pro-proportion of []

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