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EnglishEdit

 
A common chicory (Cichorium intybus) flower (sense 1).
 
A chicory (Cichorium endivia) salad or endive (sense 1.2)
 
Roasted chicory roots used as coffee substitute (sense 2).

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French chicorée, from Old French cicoree, from Late Latin *cichōria, from Latin cichōrium, from Ancient Greek κιχώριον (kikhṓrion). Doublet of succory.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chicory (countable and uncountable, plural chicories)

  1. (botany) Either of two plants of the Asteraceae family:
    1. Common chicory (Cichorium intybus), the source of radicchio, Belgian endive, and sugarloaf.
    2. Endive (Cichorium endivia), the source of escarole and frisée.
  2. (cooking) A coffee substitute made from the roasted roots of the common chicory, sometimes used as a cheap adulterant in real coffee.
    • 1774, William Crookes, The Chemical News and Journal of Physical Science, page 129:
      It is a very prevalent idea that the admixture of chicory with coffee is a decided improvement, and de gustibus non est disputandum; but the low price of chicory as compared with coffee is a strong temptation to increase the pro-proportion of []

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