English edit

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Chemical element
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Etymology edit

Coined by British chemist Humphry Davy in 1810 from Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós, pale green) + -ine.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chlorine (usually uncountable, plural chlorines)

  1. A toxic, green, gaseous chemical element (symbol Cl) with an atomic number of 17.
    Synonym: (when used as a food additive) E925
    Hypernym: halogen
  2. (countable) A single atom of this element.
  3. (countable) A chlorine-based bleach or disinfectant.
    • 1982, Richard Saferstein, editor, Forensic Science Handbook[1], volume III, Regents/Prentice Hall, →ISBN, page 154:
      The mechanism involved in the explosive reaction between swimming pool chlorine (calcium hypochlorite) and brake fluid (polyethylene glycol), a possible improvised explosive mixture, has been studied by means of the gaseous products produced.
    • 1989, Carol Taylor, Carol Lillis, Priscilla LeMone, Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Nursing Care[2], J. B. Lippincott Company, →ISBN, page 513:
      Chlorines are useful for disinfecting water and for housekeeping disinfectants.
    • 2000, Frances Linzee Gordon, Ethiopia, Eritrea & Djibouti[3], Lonely Planet Publications, →ISBN, page 85:
      Of the chemical solutions, chlorine tablets will kill many pathogens, but not some parasites like giardia and amoebic cysts.

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Derived terms edit

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Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English chlorine.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˌxloːˈri.nə/
  • Hyphenation: chlo‧ri‧ne
  • Rhymes: -inə

Noun edit

chlorine f (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) chlorine
    Synonyms: chloor, zoutstof