See also: Sulfur and sülfür

English edit

Chemical element
S
Previous: phosphorus (P)
Next: chlorine (Cl)
 
Spectacular native sulfur crystals
 
Sulfur as an element usually is encountered as a fine powder or irregular lumps.

Alternative forms edit

  • sulphur (Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, UK; no longer standard in scientific usage)

Etymology edit

From Middle English sulphur, borrowed from Anglo-Norman sulfre, from Latin sulfur, from sulpur itself of uncertain origin. Displaced Old English swefl and largely displaced brimstone.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsʌl.fə/
  • (US) enPR: sŭl'fər, IPA(key): /ˈsʌl.fɚ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sul‧fur

Noun edit

sulfur (usually uncountable, plural sulfurs)

  1. (uncountable) A chemical element (symbol S) with an atomic number of 16.
    Synonym: (archaic, not in technical usage) brimstone
    Hypernym: chalcogen
  2. (countable, uncountable) A yellowish green colour, like that of sulfur.
    sulfur:  
  3. Any of various pierid butterflies of the subfamily Coliadinae, especially the sulfur-coloured species.
    Coordinate term: yellow

Derived terms edit

terms derived from sulfur (noun)

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Adjective edit

sulfur (comparative more sulfur, superlative most sulfur)

  1. Of a yellowish green colour, like that of sulfur.

Translations edit

Verb edit

sulfur (third-person singular simple present sulfurs, present participle sulfuring, simple past and past participle sulfured)

  1. (transitive) To treat with sulfur, or a sulfur compound, especially to preserve or to counter agricultural pests.

Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2024), “Sulfur”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • sulfur”, in Mindat.org[1], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2024.

Albanian edit

 
Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

Noun edit

sulfur m (plural sulfure, definite sulfuri, definite plural sulfuret)

  1. (chemistry) sulfur

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • “sulfur”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[2] (in Albanian), 1980

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin sulfur; doublet of the inherited sofre.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sulfur m (plural sulfurs)

  1. sulfide, sulphide

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately borrowed from Latin sulfur; cf. English sulfur.

Noun edit

sulfur

  1. (obsolete) sulphur
    • 1855, Tidsskrift for populære fremstillinger af naturvidenskaben, page 379:
      ... men meget snart gik man bort fra disse bestemte Stoffer, og Sulfur og Mercurius gik nu fra at være  ...
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1896, Alfred Georg Ludvig Lehmann, Overtro og trolddom fra de æeldste tider til vore dage:
      ... forskellige Stoffer adskilte sig kun fra hinanden derved, at de indeholdt forskellige Mængder af Sulfur og Merkurius; ...
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1918, Det Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskabs skrifter: Naturvidenskabelig og mathematisk afdeling:
      Thi Agerjord er ikke andet end brændbare Bestanddele (Sulfur) og Alkali (sal fixum), ...
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Synonyms edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id
Chemical element
S
Previous: fosforus (P)
Next: klorin (Cl)

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin sulfur.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sulfur (first-person possessive sulfurku, second-person possessive sulfurmu, third-person possessive sulfurnya)

  1. (chemistry) sulfur
    Synonym: belerang

Further reading edit

Latin edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
Chemical element
S
Previous: phosphorus (P)
Next: chlorum (Cl)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Hellenization of sulpur, of uncertain origin. Also compare Old Armenian ծծումբ (ccumb, sulfur).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sulfur n (genitive sulfuris); third declension

  1. sulfur, brimstone
  2. lightning

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sulfur sulfura
Genitive sulfuris sulfurum
Dative sulfurī sulfuribus
Accusative sulfur sulfura
Ablative sulfure sulfuribus
Vocative sulfur sulfura

References edit

  • sulfur”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sulfur”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sulfur in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Malay edit

Chemical element
S
Previous: fosforus (P)
Next: klorin (Cl)

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English sulfur, from Middle English, from Anglo-Norman sulfre, from Latin sulfur.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sulfur (Jawi spellingسولفور⁩, plural sulfur-sulfur, informal 1st possessive sulfurku, 2nd possessive sulfurmu, 3rd possessive sulfurnya)

  1. sulfur (element)

Synonyms edit