- atomus (obsolete)
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈatəm/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈætəm/, [ˈæɾəm]
Audio (GA) (file)
- Homophone: Adam (in dialects with flapping)
- Hyphenation: a‧tom
atom (plural atoms)
- (chemistry, physics) The smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. [from 16th c.]
- 2013 September–October, Katie L. Burke, “In the news: Photosynthesis precursor”, in American Scientist, archived from the original on 13 April 2016:
- Oxygen levels on Earth skyrocketed 2.4 billion years ago, when cyanobacteria evolved photosynthesis: the ability to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and waste oxygen using solar energy. The evolutionary precursor of photosynthesis is still under debate, and a new study sheds light. The critical component of the photosynthetic system is the water-oxidizing complex, made up of manganese atoms and a calcium atom.
- (history of science) A hypothetical particle posited by Greek philosophers as an ultimate and indivisible component of matter. [from 15th c.]
- (now generally regarded figuratively) The smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something. [from 17th c.]
- 1835, John Ross; James Clark Ross, “Chapter XXXIV. Labour in Cutting through the Ice—Become Fixed for the Winter—Summary of the Month.”, in Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a North-west Passage, and of a Residence in the Arctic Regions, during the Years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833; by Sir John Ross, C.B., K.S.A., K.C.S., &c. &c. Captain in the Royal Navy. Including the Reports of Commander (now Captain) J. C. Ross, R.N., F.R.S., F.L.S., &c. and the Discovery of the Northern Magnetic Pole, Philadelphia, Pa.: E. A. Carey & A. Hart; Baltimore, Md.: Carey, Hart & Co., OCLC 936607945, pages 283–284:
- Towards the following morning, the thermometer fell to 5°; and at daylight, there was not an atom of water to be seen in any direction.
- (now historical) The smallest medieval unit of time, equal to fifteen ninety-fourths of a second. [from 10th c.]
- A mote of dust in a sunbeam. [from 16th c.]
- A very small amount; a whit. [from 17th c.]
- 1873, “Pansy” [pseudonym; Isabella Macdonald Alden], “A Double Crisis”, in Three People, Cincinnati, Oh.: Western Tract and Book Society, 176 Elm Street, OCLC 29248538, page 325:
- "Doctor, tell me one word more," said Theodore, quivering with suppressed emotion. "How do you think it will end?" / "I have hardly the faintest atom of hope," answered this honest, earnest man.
- 1945 August 17, George Orwell, chapter 1, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473:
- Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours? Let us face it, our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies, and those of us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty. No animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or leisure after he is a year old. No animal in England is free. The life of an animal is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth.
- (computing, programming, Lisp) An individual number or symbol, as opposed to a list; a scalar value. [from 20th c.]
- (mathematics, algebra) A non-zero member of a Boolean algebra that is not a union of any other elements. Or, a non-zero member of a Boolean lattice which contains only the zero and itself. [from 20th c.]
- In a Venn diagram, an atom is depicted as an area circumscribed by lines but not cut by any line.
- (mathematics, set theory) An element of a set that is not itself a set; an urelement. [from 20th c.]
chemistry, physics: smallest possible amount of matter retaining its chemical properties
historical: theoretical particle of matter
smallest indivisible constituent
obsolete: small unit of time
mathematics: member of a Boolean algebra
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- atom in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- atom in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
Declension of atom
atom (plural atomok)
|Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)|
|Possessive forms of atom|
|possessor||single possession||multiple possessions|
|1st person sing.||atomom||atomjaim|
|2nd person sing.||atomod||atomjaid|
|3rd person sing.||atomja||atomjai|
|1st person plural||atomunk||atomjaink|
|2nd person plural||atomotok||atomjaitok|
|3rd person plural||atomjuk||atomjaik|
- ^ Tótfalusi István, Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest, 2005, →ISBN
- an atom
- “atom” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- an atom
- “atom” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
atom m inan
declension of atom
- atom in Polish dictionaries at PWN
atom m (plural atomi)
declension of atom
- atom in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language), 2004-2018
àtōm m (Cyrillic spelling а̀то̄м)
Declension of atom
- “atom”, in Hrvatski jezični portal, 2006–2018
- atom; the smallest particle to retain the properties of the element
- (historical) atom; the theoretically smallest possible particle
|Declension of atom|