Ciems on Latvian Wikipedia

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Ciems (Dzelzāmurs, Latvijā)


From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeym- ‎(village, home) (whence also saime ‎(family, household), q.v.), from *ḱey-, *ḱoy- ‎(to be located; camp; abode); the original meaning of ciems was thus “camp, encampment.” A parallel form *kaims (> kaimiņš ‎(neighbor), q.v.) also existed. Since Proto-Indo-European *ḱ should yield Latvian > s, not c, it has been suggested that ciems and all its Baltic cognates descend from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeyə- ‎(piece, quiet), or result from a borrowing, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz ‎(village); but there are rather many Baltic and Slavic words with irregular reflexes of *ḱ, which suggest dialectal differences or parallel forms (*ḱey-/*key-) already in Proto-Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian kiẽmas ‎(yard, rural house, village), kaímas ‎(village), Old Prussian caymis ‎(village), Sudovian aucima ‎(village), Proto-Germanic *haimaz ‎(house, village) (Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌼𐍃 ‎(haims, village), Old High German heim ‎(dwelling, house), German Heim, English home), Ancient Greek κώμη ‎(kṓmē, village) (compare κεῖμαι ‎(keîmai, to lie down))[1]



ciems m (1st declension)

  1. village, settlement (small group of houses that forms a territorial unit)
    liels, mazs ciems — big, small village
    ciems jūras krastā — a village on the seashore
  2. the inhabitants of a village
    viss ciems saskrēja skatīties — the whole vilage came running to watch
  3. the area surrounding a village, organized as an administrative unit
    ciema padomevillage council
    ciema teritorijavillage territory
    rajona pilsētas un ciemi — the towns/cities and villages of the district



Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ “ciems” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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