Unknown; many unproven stories exist. The word first appeared in 1806 (see citation below). The non-drink sense is by extension of the drink sense.
cocktail (plural cocktails)
- A mixed alcoholic beverage.
- Synonyms: mixed drink, ckt (abbreviation)
- They visited a pub noted for the wide range of cocktails they serve.
- 1806, 13 May 1806 edition of Balance and Columbian Repository, published by Hudson, New York, (first appearance in print):
- Cocktail is a stimulating liquor composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water, and bitters — it is vulgarly called a bittered sling and is supposed to be an excellent electioneering potion, inasmuch as it renders the heart stout and bold, at the same time that it fuddles the head.
- A mixture of other substances or things.
- Scientists found a cocktail of pollutants in the river downstream from the chemical factory.
- a cocktail of illegal drugs
- A horse, not of pure breed, but having only one eighth or one sixteenth impure blood in its veins.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Darwin to this entry?)
- (Britain, slang, dated) A mean, half-hearted fellow; a coward.
- 1854, Arthur Pendennis [pseudonym; William Makepeace Thackeray], The Newcomes: Memoirs of a Most Respectable Family, volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: Bradbury and Evans, […], OCLC 809623158:
- It was in the second affair that poor little Barney showed he was a cocktail.
- A species of rove beetle, so called from its habit of elevating the tail.
- → Catalan: còctel
- → Czech: koktejl
- → Dutch: cocktail
- → Esperanto: koktelo
- → Finnish: cocktail
- → French: cocktail
- → Galician: cóctel
- → German: Cocktail
- → Greek: κοκτέιλ (koktéil)
- → Hungarian: koktél
- → Italian: cocktail
- → Japanese: カクテル (kakuteru)
- → Korean: 칵테일 (kakteil)
- → Norwegian Bokmål: cocktail
- → Norwegian Nynorsk: cocktail
- → Polish: koktajl
- → Portuguese: coquetel
- → Russian: кокте́йль (koktéjlʹ) (see there for further descendants)
- → Spanish: cóctel, coctel
- → Swedish: cocktail
- → Thai: ค็อกเทล (kɔ́k-teel)
- → Vietnamese: cocktail
- (obsolete) Ostentatiously lacking in manners.
- 1830, Sporting Magazine:
- It looks very cocktail to be seen riding through the streets of London in a scarlet coat ;
- 1840, The Sporting magazine:
- The Prince had nothing particular about him but a monstrous smart whip with a gold stag for a handle, which was pronounced a very cocktail looking instrument by the Leicestershire farmers, with whom His Serene Highness is no favorite
- 2008, Christine Kelly, Mrs Duberly's War: Journal and Letters from the Crimea, 1854-6, →ISBN:
- She always goes about with a brace of loaded revolvers in her belt!! Very cocktail and no occasion for it
- (transitive) To adulterate (fuel, etc.) by mixing in other substances.
- (transitive) To treat (a person) to cocktails.
- He dined and cocktailed her at the most exclusive bars and restaurants.
- “Cocktail” in Michael Quinion, Ballyhoo, Buckaroo, and Spuds: Ingenious Tales of Words and Their Origins, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books in association with Penguin Books, 2004, →ISBN.
- IPA(key): /ˈkoktɑi̯l/, [ˈko̞kt̪ɑi̯l]
- IPA(key): /ˈkoktei̯l/, [ˈko̞kt̪e̞i̯l]
- Syllabification: cock‧tail
- cocktail (mixed drink)
|Inflection of cocktail (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)|
|Possessive forms of cocktail (type risti)|
cocktail m (plural cocktails)
- “cocktail” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
cocktail m (invariable)
- “cocktail” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
- “cocktail” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
cocktail m (plural cocktails or cocktail)
- Alternative spelling of
|Declension of cocktail|
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [kok̚˧˦ taj˧˧]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [kok̚˦˧˥ taj˧˧]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [kok̚˦˥ ta(ː)j˧˧]
- Phonetic: côốc tay