See also: Colonus

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin colōnus.

Noun edit

colonus (plural coloni)

  1. (historical) A sharecropping tenant farmer of the late Roman Empire and Early Middle Ages.

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From the root of colō (cultivate, till) + + -us.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

colōnus m (genitive colōnī, feminine colōna); second declension

  1. farmer, especially a kind of tenant farmer or sharecropper; husbandman; tiller of the soil
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 1.677–678:
      frūgibus immēnsīs avidōs satiāte colōnōs,
      ut capiant cultūs praemia digna suī.
      Satisfy eager farmers with abundant crops,
      that they may reap rewards worthy of their labors.
  2. colonist, colonial, inhabitant
    Colonos novos ascribere.
    To appoint new inhabitants.

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative colōnus colōnī
Genitive colōnī colōnōrum
Dative colōnō colōnīs
Accusative colōnum colōnōs
Ablative colōnō colōnīs
Vocative colōne colōnī

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: colon
  • French: colon
  • Italian: colono
  • Portuguese: colono
  • Sicilian: culunu
  • Spanish: colono

References edit

  • colonus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • colonus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • colonus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • colonus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • colonus”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • colonus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers