cultus

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin, cultivation, culture. See cult.

NounEdit

cultus ‎(plural cultuses)

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  1. Established or accepted religious rites or customs of worship; state of religious development.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Perfect passive participle of colō ‎(till, cultivate; worship).

ParticipleEdit

cultus m ‎(feminine culta, neuter cultum); first/second declension

  1. tilled, cultivated, having been cultivated
  2. protected, nurtured, having been protected
  3. (figuratively) worshipped, honored, having been worshipped
  4. (figuratively) dressed, clothed, adorned, having been adorned
InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative cultus culta cultum cultī cultae culta
genitive cultī cultae cultī cultōrum cultārum cultōrum
dative cultō cultō cultīs
accusative cultum cultam cultum cultōs cultās culta
ablative cultō cultā cultō cultīs
vocative culte culta cultum cultī cultae culta
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PIE root
*kʷel-

NounEdit

cultus m ‎(genitive cultūs); fourth declension

  1. The act of tilling or cultivating.
  2. The act of honoring or worshipping, reverence, adoration, veneration; loyalty
  3. A religious group, cult, sect.
  4. Care directed to the refinement of life, cultural pursuit, civilization, culture, style; elegance, polish, refinement.
  5. Style of dress, external appearance, clothing, attire; ornament, decoration, splendor.
  6. (rare) The act of laboring at, labor, care, cultivation, culture.
  7. (rare) Training, education, culture.
InflectionEdit

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cultus cultūs
genitive cultūs cultuum
dative cultuī cultibus
accusative cultum cultūs
ablative cultū cultibus
vocative cultus cultūs
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cultus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • cultus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • mental culture: animi, ingenii cultus (not cultura)
    • to be quite uncivilised: omnis cultus et humanitatis expertem esse
    • to be quite uncivilised: ab omni cultu et humanitate longe abesse (B. G. 1. 1. 3)
    • worship of the gods; divine service: cultus dei, deorum (N. D. 2. 3. 8)
    • (ambiguous) to civilise men, a nation: homines, gentem a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque deducere (De Or. 1. 8. 33)
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