English

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin cōnfiscō, cōnfiscātum (to declare property of the fisc).

Pronunciation

edit
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • Hyphenation: con‧fis‧cate

Verb

edit

confiscate (third-person singular simple present confiscates, present participle confiscating, simple past and past participle confiscated)

  1. (transitive) To use one's authority to lay claim to and separate a possession from its holder.
    In schools it is common for teachers to confiscate electronic games and other distractions.
    • c. 1613, John Webster, The Duchess of Malfi[1], London: John Waterson, published 1623, Act III, Scene 2:
      We doe confiscate
      (Towards the satisfying of your accounts)
      All that you haue.
    • 1768, Alexander Dow (translator), The History of Hindostan by Muḥammad Qāsim Hindū Shāh Astarābādī, London: T. Becket & P.A. de Hondt, Volume 2, Section 4, p. 63,[2]
      The Persian having evacuated the imperial provinces, the vizier became more cruel and oppressive than ever: he extorted money from the poor by tortures, and confiscated the estates of the nobility, upon false or very frivolous pretences.
    • 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter I, in Francesca Carrara. [], volume III, London: Richard Bentley, [], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, pages 241-242:
      Why, your cavalier is a rebel—an exile, whose property is confiscated, and for whose neck the gibbet stands prepared!
    • 1894, Mark Twain, chapter 11, in Tom Sawyer Abroad[3], New York: Charles L. Webster & Co, page 174:
      Whenever you strike a frontier—that’s the border of a country, you know—you find a custom-house there, and the gov’ment officers comes and rummages among your things and charges a big tax, which they call a duty because it’s their duty to bust you if they can, and if you don’t pay the duty they’ll hog your sand. They call it confiscating, but that don’t deceive nobody, it’s just hogging, and that’s all it is.
    • 1937, Robert Byron, The Road to Oxiana[4], London: Macmillan, Part 2, p. 46:
      They took photographs of the bodies, but these were confiscated on return to Baghdad, and orders were given that nothing was to be said of what they had seen.

Synonyms

edit

Translations

edit

Adjective

edit

confiscate (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Confiscated; seized and appropriated by the government for public use; forfeit.
    • c. 1594 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Comedie of Errors”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene ii]:
      Therefore give out you are of Epidamnum,
      Lest that your goods too soon be confiscate.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene i]:
      [] thy lands and goods
      Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
      Unto the state of Venice.
    • 1642, Walter Raleigh, “Preservation of an Aristocraty”, in The Prince, or, Maxims of State[5], London, page 34:
      [] not to lay into the Exchequer, or Common Treasury, such goods as are confiscate, but to store them up as holy and consecrate things, which except it bee practised, confiscations, and fines of the Common people would bee frequent, and so this State would decay by weakening the people.

See also

edit

Italian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Verb

edit

confiscate

  1. inflection of confiscare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 2

edit

Participle

edit

confiscate f pl

  1. feminine plural of confiscato

Anagrams

edit

Latin

edit

Verb

edit

cōnfiscāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of cōnfiscō

Spanish

edit

Verb

edit

confiscate

  1. second-person singular voseo imperative of confiscar combined with te