līdzskanis on Latvian Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit


A term coined by A. Kronvalds in the second half of the 19th century, from līdz(i) ‎((together) with) +‎ skan(ēt) ‎(to sound), made into a 2nd-declension noun (ending -is). It is a calque of German Mitlaut, from mit ‎(with) and Laut ‎(sound), itself a calque of Latin cōnsonans, from cōn- ‎(with) and sonō ‎(to sound). It (and its alternative form līdzskaņa) competed with other proposed coinages, such as K. Biezbārdis' klaudzis and M. Kaudzīte's neskanis, until the end of the 19th century. After J. Endzelīns' and K. Mīlenbahs' 1907 Latviešu Gramatika, the form līdzskanis stabilized. It became accepted as a standard linguistic term in the 1920s.[1]




līdzskanis m (2nd declension)

  1. (phonetics, phonology) consonant (language sound pronounced with some kind of obstruction in the vocal tract)
    balsīgi un nebalsīgi līdzskaņi‎ ― voiced and voiceless consonants
    dubultoti līdzskaņi‎ ― double consonants
    līdzskaņu klasifikācija‎ ― consonant classification
    cietais līdzskanis‎ ― hard (i.e., non-palatalized) consonant
    mīkstais līdzskanis‎ ― soft (i.e., palatalized) consonant



Related termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “līdzskanis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7