See also: cúla, -cula, čula, and чула

FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

cula

  1. third-person singular past historic of culer

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay cula (horn), from Prakrit, from Sanskrit चूडा (cūḍā).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃu.la/
  • Hyphenation: cu‧la

NounEdit

cula

  1. horn, tusk
    Synonym: tanduk
  2. (figuratively) horn-shaped charm, amulet

Further readingEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

Hungarian cula.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cúla f

  1. bundle

InflectionEdit

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. cúla
gen. sing. cúle
singular dual plural
nominative cúla cúli cúle
accusative cúlo cúli cúle
genitive cúle cúl cúl
dative cúli cúlama cúlam
locative cúli cúlah cúlah
instrumental cúlo cúlama cúlami

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-cula

  1. to sing

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

VerbEdit

-cula

  1. to sing, to chant

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukucula
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukucula ukungaculi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular cula -cule
Plural culani -culeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyacula, ngicula engiculayo, engicula ngicula angiculi engingaculi ngingaculi
2nd singular uyacula, ucula oculayo, ocula ucula awuculi ongaculi ungaculi
1st plural siyacula, sicula esiculayo, esicula sicula asiculi esingaculi singaculi
2nd plural niyacula, nicula eniculayo, enicula nicula aniculi eningaculi ningaculi
Class 1 uyacula, ucula oculayo, ocula ecula akaculi ongaculi engaculi
Class 2 bayacula, bacula abaculayo, abacula becula abaculi abangaculi bengaculi
Class 3 uyacula, ucula oculayo, ocula ucula awuculi ongaculi ungaculi
Class 4 iyacula, icula eculayo, ecula icula ayiculi engaculi ingaculi
Class 5 liyacula, licula eliculayo, elicula licula aliculi elingaculi lingaculi
Class 6 ayacula, acula aculayo, acula ecula awaculi angaculi engaculi
Class 7 siyacula, sicula esiculayo, esicula sicula asiculi esingaculi singaculi
Class 8 ziyacula, zicula eziculayo, ezicula zicula aziculi ezingaculi zingaculi
Class 9 iyacula, icula eculayo, ecula icula ayiculi engaculi ingaculi
Class 10 ziyacula, zicula eziculayo, ezicula zicula aziculi ezingaculi zingaculi
Class 11 luyacula, lucula oluculayo, olucula lucula aluculi olungaculi lungaculi
Class 14 buyacula, bucula obuculayo, obucula bucula abuculi obungaculi bungaculi
Class 15 kuyacula, kucula okuculayo, okucula kucula akuculi okungaculi kungaculi
Class 17 kuyacula, kucula okuculayo, okucula kucula akuculi okungaculi kungaculi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiculile, ngiculē engiculile, engiculē ngiculile, ngiculē angiculanga engingaculanga ngingaculanga
2nd singular uculile, uculē oculile, oculē uculile, uculē awuculanga ongaculanga ungaculanga
1st plural siculile, siculē esiculile, esiculē siculile, siculē asiculanga esingaculanga singaculanga
2nd plural niculile, niculē eniculile, eniculē niculile, niculē aniculanga eningaculanga ningaculanga
Class 1 uculile, uculē oculile, oculē eculile, eculē akaculanga ongaculanga engaculanga
Class 2 baculile, baculē abaculile, abaculē beculile, beculē abaculanga abangaculanga bengaculanga
Class 3 uculile, uculē oculile, oculē uculile, uculē awuculanga ongaculanga ungaculanga
Class 4 iculile, iculē eculile, eculē iculile, iculē ayiculanga engaculanga ingaculanga
Class 5 liculile, liculē eliculile, eliculē liculile, liculē aliculanga elingaculanga lingaculanga
Class 6 aculile, aculē aculile, aculē eculile, eculē awaculanga angaculanga engaculanga
Class 7 siculile, siculē esiculile, esiculē siculile, siculē asiculanga esingaculanga singaculanga
Class 8 ziculile, ziculē eziculile, eziculē ziculile, ziculē aziculanga ezingaculanga zingaculanga
Class 9 iculile, iculē eculile, eculē iculile, iculē ayiculanga engaculanga ingaculanga
Class 10 ziculile, ziculē eziculile, eziculē ziculile, ziculē aziculanga ezingaculanga zingaculanga
Class 11 luculile, luculē oluculile, oluculē luculile, luculē aluculanga olungaculanga lungaculanga
Class 14 buculile, buculē obuculile, obuculē buculile, buculē abuculanga obungaculanga bungaculanga
Class 15 kuculile, kuculē okuculile, okuculē kuculile, kuculē akuculanga okungaculanga kungaculanga
Class 17 kuculile, kuculē okuculile, okuculē kuculile, kuculē akuculanga okungaculanga kungaculanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngācula engācula ngācula angiculanga engingaculanga ngingaculanga
2nd singular wācula owācula wācula awuculanga ongaculanga ungaculanga
1st plural sācula esācula sācula asiculanga esingaculanga singaculanga
2nd plural nācula enācula nācula aniculanga eningaculanga ningaculanga
Class 1 wācula owācula ācula akaculanga ongaculanga engaculanga
Class 2 bācula abācula bācula abaculanga abangaculanga bengaculanga
Class 3 wācula owācula wācula awuculanga ongaculanga ungaculanga
Class 4 yācula eyācula yācula ayiculanga engaculanga ingaculanga
Class 5 lācula elācula lācula aliculanga elingaculanga lingaculanga
Class 6 ācula ācula ācula awaculanga angaculanga engaculanga
Class 7 sācula esācula sācula asiculanga esingaculanga singaculanga
Class 8 zācula ezācula zācula aziculanga ezingaculanga zingaculanga
Class 9 yācula eyācula yācula ayiculanga engaculanga ingaculanga
Class 10 zācula ezācula zācula aziculanga ezingaculanga zingaculanga
Class 11 lwācula olwācula lwācula aluculanga olungaculanga lungaculanga
Class 14 bācula obācula bācula abuculanga obungaculanga bungaculanga
Class 15 kwācula okwācula kwācula akuculanga okungaculanga kungaculanga
Class 17 kwācula okwācula kwācula akuculanga okungaculanga kungaculanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingacula ngingacula ngingecule ngingecule
2nd singular ungacula ungacula ungecule ungecule
1st plural singacula singacula singecule singecule
2nd plural ningacula ningacula ningecule ningecule
Class 1 angacula engacula angecule engecule
Class 2 bangacula bengacula bangecule bengecule
Class 3 ungacula ungacula ungecule ungecule
Class 4 ingacula ingacula ingecule ingecule
Class 5 lingacula lingacula lingecule lingecule
Class 6 angacula engacula angecule engecule
Class 7 singacula singacula singecule singecule
Class 8 zingacula zingacula zingecule zingecule
Class 9 ingacula ingacula ingecule ingecule
Class 10 zingacula zingacula zingecule zingecule
Class 11 lungacula lungacula lungecule lungecule
Class 14 bungacula bungacula bungecule bungecule
Class 15 kungacula kungacula kungecule kungecule
Class 17 kungacula kungacula kungecule kungecule
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizocula engizocula ngizocula angizucula engingezucula ngingezucula
2nd singular uzocula ozocula uzocula awuzucula ongezucula ungezucula
1st plural sizocula esizocula sizocula asizucula esingezucula singezucula
2nd plural nizocula enizocula nizocula anizucula eningezucula ningezucula
Class 1 uzocula ozocula ezocula akazucula ongezucula engezucula
Class 2 bazocula abazocula bezocula abazucula abangezucula bengezucula
Class 3 uzocula ozocula uzocula awuzucula ongezucula ungezucula
Class 4 izocula ezocula izocula ayizucula engezucula ingezucula
Class 5 lizocula elizocula lizocula alizucula elingezucula lingezucula
Class 6 azocula azocula ezocula awazucula angezucula engezucula
Class 7 sizocula esizocula sizocula asizucula esingezucula singezucula
Class 8 zizocula ezizocula zizocula azizucula ezingezucula zingezucula
Class 9 izocula ezocula izocula ayizucula engezucula ingezucula
Class 10 zizocula ezizocula zizocula azizucula ezingezucula zingezucula
Class 11 luzocula oluzocula luzocula aluzucula olungezucula lungezucula
Class 14 buzocula obuzocula buzocula abuzucula obungezucula bungezucula
Class 15 kuzocula okuzocula kuzocula akuzucula okungezucula kungezucula
Class 17 kuzocula okuzocula kuzocula akuzucula okungezucula kungezucula
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyocula engiyocula ngiyocula angiyucula engingeyucula ngingeyucula
2nd singular uyocula oyocula uyocula awuyucula ongeyucula ungeyucula
1st plural siyocula esiyocula siyocula asiyucula esingeyucula singeyucula
2nd plural niyocula eniyocula niyocula aniyucula eningeyucula ningeyucula
Class 1 uyocula oyocula eyocula akayucula ongeyucula engeyucula
Class 2 bayocula abayocula beyocula abayucula abangeyucula bengeyucula
Class 3 uyocula oyocula uyocula awuyucula ongeyucula ungeyucula
Class 4 iyocula eyocula iyocula ayiyucula engeyucula ingeyucula
Class 5 liyocula eliyocula liyocula aliyucula elingeyucula lingeyucula
Class 6 ayocula ayocula eyocula awayucula angeyucula engeyucula
Class 7 siyocula esiyocula siyocula asiyucula esingeyucula singeyucula
Class 8 ziyocula eziyocula ziyocula aziyucula ezingeyucula zingeyucula
Class 9 iyocula eyocula iyocula ayiyucula engeyucula ingeyucula
Class 10 ziyocula eziyocula ziyocula aziyucula ezingeyucula zingeyucula
Class 11 luyocula oluyocula luyocula aluyucula olungeyucula lungeyucula
Class 14 buyocula obuyocula buyocula abuyucula obungeyucula bungeyucula
Class 15 kuyocula okuyocula kuyocula akuyucula okungeyucula kungeyucula
Class 17 kuyocula okuyocula kuyocula akuyucula okungeyucula kungeyucula
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngicule ngingaculi
2nd singular ucule ungaculi
1st plural sicule singaculi
2nd plural nicule ningaculi
Class 1 acule angaculi
Class 2 bacule bangaculi
Class 3 ucule ungaculi
Class 4 icule ingaculi
Class 5 licule lingaculi
Class 6 acule angaculi
Class 7 sicule singaculi
Class 8 zicule zingaculi
Class 9 icule ingaculi
Class 10 zicule zingaculi
Class 11 lucule lungaculi
Class 14 bucule bungaculi
Class 15 kucule kungaculi
Class 17 kucule kungaculi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngacula ngangacula, angacula, angangacula
2nd singular wacula wangacula, awacula, awangacula
1st plural sacula sangacula, asacula, asangacula
2nd plural nacula nangacula, anacula, anangacula
Class 1 wacula wangacula, akacula, akangacula
Class 2 bacula bangacula, abacula, abangacula
Class 3 wacula wangacula, awacula, awangacula
Class 4 yacula yangacula, ayacula, ayangacula
Class 5 lacula langacula, alacula, alangacula
Class 6 acula angacula, awacula, awangacula
Class 7 sacula sangacula, asacula, asangacula
Class 8 zacula zangacula, azacula, azangacula
Class 9 yacula yangacula, ayacula, ayangacula
Class 10 zacula zangacula, azacula, azangacula
Class 11 lwacula lwangacula, alwacula, alwangacula
Class 14 bacula bangacula, abacula, abangacula
Class 15 kwacula kwangacula, akwacula, akwangacula
Class 17 kwacula kwangacula, akwacula, akwangacula

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit