See also: Charm
- (General American) enPR: chärm, IPA(key): /t͡ʃɑɹm/
Audio (US) (file)
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: chäm, IPA(key): /tʃɑːm/
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)m
From Middle English charme, from Old French charme (“chant, magic spell”), from Latin carmen (“song, incantation”).
- charme (obsolete)
charm (countable and uncountable, plural charms)
- An object, act or words believed to have magic power (usually carries a positive connotation).
- Synonyms: incantation, spell, talisman
- a charm against evil
- It works like a charm.
- (often in the plural) The ability to persuade, delight or arouse admiration.
- Synonyms: appeal, attraction, charisma
- Antonyms: boredom, dryness
- He had great personal charm.
- She tried to win him over with her charms.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book VIII”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC:
- […] the charm of Beauties powerful glance.
- 1697, [William] Congreve, The Mourning Bride, a Tragedy. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC, Act I, page 1:
- Muſick has Charms to ſooth a ſavage Breaſt,
To ſoften Rocks, or bend a knotted Oak.
- 1714, Alexander Pope, “The Rape of the Lock”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], published 1717, →OCLC, canto V, page 160:
- Charms ſtrike the ſight, but merit wins the ſoul.
- A small trinket on a bracelet or chain, etc., traditionally supposed to confer luck upon the wearer.
- Synonyms: amulet, dangle, ornament
- She wears a charm bracelet on her wrist.
- (particle physics) A quantum number of hadrons determined by the number of charm quarks and antiquarks.
- Coordinate term: strangeness
- 1975 July 31, Sandra Blakeslee, “Another Particle Believed Discovered”, in The New York Times, →ISSN:
- In trying to understand the long life of the psi particle, physicists postulated the notion of “charm.” Charm, they say, prevents the “easy” decay of particles and thus prolongs their lifetimes. U particles, Dr. Pert said, may carry the property of charm.
- 2020, James E. Dodd; Ben Gripaios, The Ideas of Particle Physics, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 173:
- Mesons which combine the charmed quark with the up or down antiquarks are denoted the D mesons. These mesons carry explicit charm (i.e. have a non-zero charm quantum number), just as the K mesons carry strangeness.
- (finance) A second-order measure of derivative price sensitivity, expressed as the instantaneous rate of change of delta with respect to time.
- Synonyms: delta decay, DdeltaDtime
- Hypernym: Greeks
something with magic power
quality of inspiring delight or admiration
a small trinket on a bracelet or chain
property of subatomic particle
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
charm (third-person singular simple present charms, present participle charming, simple past and past participle charmed)
- To seduce, persuade or fascinate someone or something.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book I”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC:
- […] they, on thir mirth & dance / Intent, with jocond Muſic charm his ear;
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC, page 58:
- The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on a certain afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
- (transitive) To use a magical charm upon; to subdue, control, or summon by incantation or supernatural influence.
- Synonyms: bewitch, enchant, ensorcel, enspell
- After winning three games while wearing the chain, Dan began to think it had been charmed.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene ii], page 389, column 2:
- Nor no witch-craft charme thee.
- To protect with, or make invulnerable by, spells, charms, or supernatural influences.
- She led a charmed life.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene iii], page 393, column 1:
- I, in mine owne woe charm’d, / Could not finde death, […]
- (obsolete, rare) To make music upon.
- 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “October. Aegloga Decima.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: […], London: […] Hugh Singleton, […], →OCLC; reprinted as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, The Shepheardes Calender […], London: John C. Nimmo, […], 1890, →OCLC, folio 42, recto:
- But ah my corage cooles ere it be warme, / For thy, content vs in thys humble ſhade: / Where no ſuch troublous tydes han vs aſſayde, / Here we our ſlender pipes may ſafely charme.
- To subdue or overcome by some secret power, or by that which gives pleasure; to allay; to soothe.
- 1687 (date written), Alexander Pope, “Ode for Musick on St. Cecilia’s Day”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], →OCLC, canto VII, page 378:
- Music the fierceſt griefs can charm, / And fate's ſevereſt rage diſarm: […]
seduce, entrance or fascinate
use a magical charm
- anti-charm quark
- charm a bird off a branch
- charm bracelet
- charm offensive
- charm pricing
- charm school
- charm the birds from the trees
- charm the birds out of the trees
- like a charm
- lucky charm
- third time is the charm
- third time's a charm
- third time's the charm
- three time's a charm
- watch charm
Variant of chirm, from Middle English chirme, from Old English ċierm (“cry, alarm”), from Proto-Germanic *karmiz.
- jarm (dialectal)
charm (plural charms)
- The mixed sound of many voices, especially of birds or children.
- 1591, Ed[mund] Sp[enser], “The Teares of the Muses”, in Complaints. Containing Sundrie Small Poemes of the Worlds Vanitie. […], London: […] William Ponsonbie, […], →OCLC:
- […] Free libertie to chaunt our charmes at will: […]
- 1667, John Milton, “Book IV”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC:
- Sweet is the breath of morn, her riſing ſweet,
With charm of earlieſt Birds;
- 1955, William Golding, The Inheritors, Faber and Faber 2005, p. 152:
- The laughter rose like the charm of starlings.
- A flock, group (especially of finches).
- 2018, Holly Ringland, The Lost Flowers of Alice Hart:
- A charm of finches flew overhead, singing into the vivid afternoon sky.
- charm (quantum number) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- charm quark on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
charm c (singular definite charmen, plural indefinite charms)
- charm (jewelry)
Declension of charm
See charme (“to charm”).
- imperative of charme
- charm; the ability to persuade, delight, or arouse admiration
|Declension of charm|