Irish

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Alternative forms

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  • dú- (combining form)

Etymology

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From Old Irish dub,[1] from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black). Cognates include English deaf.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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dubh (genitive singular masculine duibh, genitive singular feminine duibhe, plural dubha, comparative duibhe or dúcha)

  1. black
  2. black-haired
  3. (nominalized, masculine) black (color)

Declension

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Derived terms

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See also

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Colors in Irish · dathanna (layout · text)
     bán      liath      dubh
             dearg; corcairdhearg              oráiste, flannbhuí; donn              buí; bánbhuí
             líoma-ghlas, glas líoma              glas, uaine              dath an mhiontais
             cian              gormghlas, spéirghorm              gorm
             corcairghorm; indeagó              maigeanta; corcra              bándearg

Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dubh dhubh ndubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “dub”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, § 54, page 29
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 72
  4. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 42, page 19
  5. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 316, page 111

Further reading

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Scottish Gaelic

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Etymology

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From Old Irish dub (black), from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black).

Cognates within Celtic include Breton du (black), Welsh du (black), Cornish duv or du (black), Gaulish river name Dubis, now Doubs. Cognates outside Celtic include Ancient Greek τυφλός (tuphlós, blind), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌱𐍃 (daubs, deaf), German taub (deaf), English deaf, English dumb.[1][2]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /t̪uh/, [t̪uh~t̪ʊh], [t̪u~t̪ʊ], [t̪uɣ~t̪ʊɣ]

Adjective

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dubh

  1. black
  2. black-haired
    Tha Dòmhnall Dubh an Dòmhnallaich a-nochd a' tòir air Mòraig.Black-haired Donald MacDonald is chasing after Morag tonight.

Derived terms

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Noun

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dubh m (genitive singular duibh, plural dubhan)

  1. blackness, darkness
    Synonyms: dorchadas, dubhar
  2. ink
    Synonym: inc
  3. pupil (of eye)
    Synonym: clach na sùla

Derived terms

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Verb

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dubh (past dhubh, future dubhaidh, verbal noun dubhadh, past participle dubhte)

  1. blacken

Derived terms

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See also

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Colors in Scottish Gaelic · dathan (layout · text)
     bàn, geal      glas      dubh
             dearg; ruadh              orains; donn              buidhe; donn
             uaine              uaine              gorm
             liath; glas              liath              gorm
             purpaidh; guirmean              pinc; purpaidh              pinc

Mutation

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Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
dubh dhubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ dubh at MacBain, Alexander, Mackay, Eneas (1911) “dubh”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[1], Stirling, →ISBN. Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.
  2. ^ Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “dub”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.

Further reading

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  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “dubh”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[2], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN