From Proto-Indo-European *dwis ‎(twice, twofold) (with an extra sufix *-no, *-nyo), from *dwi- ‎(two), whence also divi ‎(two) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian dvynỹs, Old High German zwiniling (< *twi-na-), German Zwilling, English twin, Latin bini ‎(in twos, in pairs) (< *dwis-no-).[1]




dvīnis m (2nd declension, feminine form: dvīne)

  1. (male) twin (a boy born together with another child from one mother)
    dvīņu brālistwin brother (a man with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu māsatwin sister (a woman with a twin brother or sister)
    dvīņu zvaigznetwin star (i.e., a double star)
    dvīņu klētstwin barn (i.e., two barns under the same roof)
    dvīņi ir līdzīgi pēc ārienestwins are similar in appearance
    Kaspars domāja par saviem dvīņiem — Kaspars thought about his twins (children)
    turcietei piedzimuši dvīņi, zēns un meitene — the Turkish woman gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl


Usage notesEdit

The singular forms exist but are much less frequent in actual usage than the plural forms (e.g., dvīņu brālis, with dvīņu used adjectivally, is more frequent than dvīnis).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  1. ^ “dvīņi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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