English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin eques (horseman, knight; equestrian).

Noun edit

eques (plural equites)

  1. (historical, Ancient Rome) A member of the equestrian order (Latin: ordo equester), the lower of the two aristocratic classes of Ancient Rome, ranking below the patricians.

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From equus (horse) +‎ -es (-faring). Compare pedes, mīles for similar formations.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eques m (genitive equitis); third declension

 
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eques.
  1. A horseman, cavalryman, rider
  2. A knight
  3. an equite, an eques, an equestrian (class)
  4. (Late Latin, chess) knight
  5. (in the plural) Equestrian order

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative eques equitēs
Genitive equitis equitum
Dative equitī equitibus
Accusative equitem equitēs
Ablative equite equitibus
Vocative eques equitēs

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculī, mīlitēs scaccōrum (layout · text)
           
rēx rēgīna turris sagittifer eques pedes

References edit

  • eques”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • eques”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • eques in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • eques in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a dictator appoints a magister equitum: dictator dicit (legit) magistrum equitum
    • to place the cavalry on the wings: equites ad latera disponere (B. G. 6. 8)
    • to repel the attack of the enemy's cavalry: summovere or reicere hostium equites
  • Dizionario Latino, Olivetti