From Latin eques (horseman, knight; equestrian).


eques (plural equites)

  1. (historical, Ancient Rome) A member of the equestrian order (Latin: ordo equester), the lower of the two aristocratic classes of Ancient Rome, ranking below the patricians.




From equus (horse) + the root of īre (to go) (compare pedes, mīles for similar formations).



eques m (genitive equitis); third declension

  1. A horseman, rider
  2. A knight
  3. (Late Latin, chess) knight


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative eques equitēs
Genitive equitis equitum
Dative equitī equitibus
Accusative equitem equitēs
Ablative equite equitibus
Vocative eques equitēs

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes


  • eques in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • eques in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • eques in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • eques in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a dictator appoints a magister equitum: dictator dicit (legit) magistrum equitum
    • to place the cavalry on the wings: equites ad latera disponere (B. G. 6. 8)
    • to repel the attack of the enemy's cavalry: summovere or reicere hostium equites