Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English -es, from Old English -as. More at -s.

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Used to form the regular plural of nouns
    1. that end in "(t)ch" (only when pronounced as [tʃ]) — glitchglitches (but psychpsychs)
    2. that end in "(j)j" — hajjhajjes
    3. that end in "(s)s" — busbuses
    4. that end in "x" — boxboxes
    5. that end in "(z)z" — waltzwaltzes
    6. that end in "o" (in some cases) — tomatotomatoes (but sopranosopranos)
    7. that end in "sh" — ashashes
  2. Used to form the third person singular present of verbs
    1. that end in "(t)ch" (only when pronounced as [tʃ]) — impeachimpeaches (but psychpsychs)
    2. that end in "(s)s" — missmisses
    3. that end in "x" — taxtaxes
    4. that end in "(z)z" — fizzfizzes
    5. that end in "o" — gogoes
    6. that end in "sh" — wishwishes

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch -esse, borrowed from Northern Old French -esse, from Late Latin -issa (as in abbātissa ‎(abbess)).[1]

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Creates the female form of persons or occupations, as English -ess.
    zanger ‎(singer, songster) → zangeres ‎(female singer; songstress, singeress)

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A. van Loey, "Schönfeld's Historische Grammatica van het Nederlands", Zutphen, 8. druk, 1970, ISBN 90-03-21170-1; § 180

EsperantoEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. belonging to. (Ending for genitive correlatives.)

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Alternative form of -s. Used to form the genitive of many nouns.

See alsoEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. (adjective suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    kert ‎(garden) → kertes ‎(something with a garden, having a garden)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    perec ‎(pretzel) → pereces ‎(someone who sells pretzels)
    meggy ‎(morello, sour cherry) → meggyes ‎(cherry orchard)
  3. (number suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    egy ‎(one) → egyes ‎(the digit or figure 1)

Usage notesEdit

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-ēs f ‎(genitive -is); third declension

  1. used to form a third-declension feminine abstract noun designating the result of an action from a verb root or conceived root form
    caedō ‎(I kill or cut) → caedēs ‎(slaughter)
    sedeō ‎(I sit) → sēdēs ‎(seat)
DeclensionEdit

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -ēs -ēs
genitive -is -ium
dative -ibus
accusative -em -ēs
ablative -e -ibus
vocative -ēs -ēs

Further forms are nom.sg. -is (e.g. caedis, sedis) and gen.pl. -um (e.g. caedum, sedum).

Derived termsEdit


SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

SuffixEdit

-ēs

  1. second-person singular present active subjunctive of

Old EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Possessive marker, indicating than an object belongs to the noun
  2. Used in formation of adverbs, originally from the genitive of masculine and neuter nouns, but later added also to feminine nouns by analogy
    dæges ‎(days, adverb)
    nihtes ‎(nights, adverb)

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. forms the 2nd-person singular present indicative of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
  2. forms the 2nd-person singular present subjunctive of 1st conjugation verbs
  3. forms the 2nd-person singular negative imperative of 1st conjugation verbs

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. forms the plural of nouns and adjectives ending in -r, -z, stressed -s and of some ending in -n

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Portuguese -es, -ez, from the Latin genitive suffix -is of the third declension (Appendix:Latin third declension), originating as a calque of surname-formation conventions of the Visigoths.

Compare Spanish -ez.

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. (historical) -son (a suffix added to a given name to form a patronymic surname)
    Fernandes, "son of Fernando"
    Henriques, "son of Henrique"
    Martins, "son of Martim"
    Rodrigues, "son of Rodrigo"

SpanishEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Suffix indicating the plural of nouns and adjectives ending in certain consonants (most often -l, -r, -n, -d, -z, -j, -s, -x, -ch, with some exceptions).
  2. Suffix indicating the second-person singular present indicative of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the second-person singular present subjunctive of -ar verbs

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Suffix used for marking the passive voice of verbs. This variant is used for the present passive of those verbs of the second and fourth conjugations (weak and strong -er verbs respectively) that have stems ending in s. Other verbs normally take only -s. However, until the middle decades of the 20th century (approximately) it was rule to use -es with all -er verbs, which today is considered archaic. This use may occasionally appear in more modern texts (certain phrases). läsa ‎(to read) → läses ‎(is read), låsa ‎(to lock) → låses ‎(is locked)
  2. -ese; making a nationality from the name of a country

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Proto-Brythonic -issā, ultimately borrowed from (or perhaps cognate to) the Latin -issa.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Used to form nouns meaning the female equivalent of.
    athro ‎((male) teacher) → athrawes ‎(female teacher)
    cadno ‎(fox) → cadnawes ‎(vixen)

Derived termsEdit



YolaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English -es, from Old English -as, nominative-accusative plural ending of masculine a-stem (i.e. strong) declension nouns, from Proto-Germanic *-ōs, *‑ōz, from Proto-Indo-European *-es, *-oes ‎(plural ending). Cognate with English -s ‎(plural noun ending).

SuffixEdit

-es

  1. Used to form the regular plural of nouns.
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