See also: Appendix:Variations of "es"
- Used to form the regular plural of nouns
- Used to form the third person singular present of verbs
- Creates the female form of persons or occupations (zanger – zangeres), as English -ess
- ^ A. van Loey, "Schönfeld's Historische Grammatica van het Nederlands", Zutphen, 8. druk, 1970, ISBN 90-03-21170-1; § 180
- belonging to. (Ending for genitive correlatives.)
- kies: belonging to whom, whose
- ties: belonging to that one, that one's
- ĉies: belonging to everyone, everyone's
- ies: belonging to someone, someone's
- nenies: belonging to nobody, nobody's
- (nonce) alies: belonging to someone else, someone else's
- Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
- Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
- Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
- Member of the following suffix cluster:
- -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
- -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
- -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
- -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
- -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
- Category:Hungarian adjectives suffixed with -es
- Category:Hungarian nouns suffixed with -es
- Appendix:Hungarian suffixes
- used to form an abstract noun from a verb root or conceived root form
Third declension i-stem.
- Possessive marker, indicating than an object belongs to the noun
- Used in formation of adverbs, originally from the genitive of masc and neut nouns, but later added also to fem nouns by analogy
- dæges "days" (adv); nihtes "nights" (adv)
- Suffix indicating the plural of nouns and adjectives ending in certain consonants (most often -l, -r, -n, -d, -z, -j, -s, -x, -ch, with some exceptions).
- Suffix indicating the second-person singular present indicative of -er and -ir verbs.
- Suffix indicating the second-person singular present subjunctive of -ar verbs
- Rules for pluralizing nouns and adjectives in Spanish (Royal Academy's Diccionario de dudas, en español)
- Suffix used for marking the passive voice of verbs. This variant is used for the present passive of those verbs of the second and fourth conjugations (weak and strong -er verbs respectively) that have stems ending in s. Other verbs normally take only -s. However, until the middle decades of the 20th century (approximately) it was rule to use -es with all -er verbs, which today is considered archaic. This use may occasionally appear in more modern texts (certain phrases). läsa (“to read”) → läses (“is read”), låsa (“to lock”) → låses (“is locked”)
- -ese; making a nationality from the name of a country
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