From ex- +‎ pendō (weigh, weigh out).



expendō (present infinitive expendere, perfect active expendī, supine expēnsum); third conjugation

  1. I weigh
  2. I pay out
  3. I judge


   Conjugation of expendō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expendō expendis expendit expendimus expenditis expendunt
imperfect expendēbam expendēbās expendēbat expendēbāmus expendēbātis expendēbant
future expendam expendēs expendet expendēmus expendētis expendent
perfect expendī expendistī expendit expendimus expendistis expendērunt, expendēre
pluperfect expenderam expenderās expenderat expenderāmus expenderātis expenderant
future perfect expenderō expenderis expenderit expenderimus expenderitis expenderint
passive present expendor expenderis, expendere expenditur expendimur expendiminī expenduntur
imperfect expendēbar expendēbāris, expendēbāre expendēbātur expendēbāmur expendēbāminī expendēbantur
future expendar expendēris, expendēre expendētur expendēmur expendēminī expendentur
perfect expēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect expēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect expēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expendam expendās expendat expendāmus expendātis expendant
imperfect expenderem expenderēs expenderet expenderēmus expenderētis expenderent
perfect expenderim expenderīs expenderit expenderīmus expenderītis expenderint
pluperfect expendissem expendissēs expendisset expendissēmus expendissētis expendissent
passive present expendar expendāris, expendāre expendātur expendāmur expendāminī expendantur
imperfect expenderer expenderēris, expenderēre expenderētur expenderēmur expenderēminī expenderentur
perfect expēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect expēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expende expendite
future expenditō expenditō expenditōte expenduntō
passive present expendere expendiminī
future expenditor expenditor expenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives expendere expendisse expēnsūrum esse expendī expēnsum esse expēnsum īrī
participles expendēns expēnsūrus expēnsus expendendus, expendundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
expendendī expendendō expendendum expendendō expēnsum expēnsū

Derived termsEdit


  • Catalan: expendre
  • English: expend
  • Italian: spendere
  • Portuguese: expender
  • Proto-West Germanic: *spendōn (see there for further descendants)
  • Sicilian: spènniri
  • Spanish: expender


  • expendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • expendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • expendo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer punishment: poenas dependere, expendere, solvere, persolvere




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of expender.