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See also: pendò





From Proto-Italic *pendō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pénd-e-ti, from *(s)pend- (to pull; to spin).



pendō (present infinitive pendere, perfect active pependī, supine pēnsum); third conjugation

  1. I suspend, hang
  2. I weigh, weigh out
  3. I pay
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.44:
      Si iterum experiri velint, se iterum paratum esse decertare; si pace uti velint, iniquum esse de stipendio recusare, quod sua voluntate ad id tempus pependerint.
      If they chose to make a second trial, he was ready to encounter them again; but if they chose to enjoy peace, it was unfair to refuse the tribute, which of their own free-will they had paid up to that time.
  4. (figuratively) I consider, ponder


   Conjugation of pendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pendō pendis pendit pendimus penditis pendunt
imperfect pendēbam pendēbās pendēbat pendēbāmus pendēbātis pendēbant
future pendam pendēs pendet pendēmus pendētis pendent
perfect pependī pependistī pependit pependimus pependistis pependērunt, pependēre
pluperfect pependeram pependerās pependerat pependerāmus pependerātis pependerant
future perfect pependerō pependeris pependerit pependerimus pependeritis pependerint
passive present pendor penderis, pendere penditur pendimur pendiminī penduntur
imperfect pendēbar pendēbāris, pendēbāre pendēbātur pendēbāmur pendēbāminī pendēbantur
future pendar pendēris, pendēre pendētur pendēmur pendēminī pendentur
perfect pēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pendam pendās pendat pendāmus pendātis pendant
imperfect penderem penderēs penderet penderēmus penderētis penderent
perfect pependerim pependerīs pependerit pependerimus pependeritis pependerint
pluperfect pependissem pependissēs pependisset pependissēmus pependissētis pependissent
passive present pendar pendāris, pendāre pendātur pendāmur pendāminī pendantur
imperfect penderer penderēris, penderēre penderētur penderēmur penderēminī penderentur
perfect pēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pende pendite
future penditō penditō penditōte penduntō
passive present pendere pendiminī
future penditor penditor penduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pendere pependisse pēnsūrus esse pendī pēnsus esse pēnsum īrī
participles pendēns pēnsūrus pēnsus pendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pendere pendendī pendendō pendendum pēnsum pēnsū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • pendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pendo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pendo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) important results are often produced by trivial causes: ex parvis saepe magnarum rerum momenta pendent
    • (ambiguous) to pay taxes: vectigalia, tributa pendere
    • (ambiguous) to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)




  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of pender



  • IPA(key): /ˈpendo/, [ˈpẽn̪d̪o]



  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of pender.




pendo (ma class, plural mapendo)

  1. Alternative form of upendo