Borrowed from Latin expendō (I weigh; I pay out). Doublet of spend.


  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛnd/, /ɛkˈspɛnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd


expend (third-person singular simple present expends, present participle expending, simple past and past participle expended)

  1. (transitive) to consume, exhaust (some resource)
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, King Henry VI Part 2, act 3, scene 1:
      If my death might make this island happy []
      I would expend it with all willingness.
  2. (transitive, rare, of money) to spend, disburse
    • 1962 December, “Beyond the Channel: Switzerland: Federal Railways' progress”, in Modern Railways, page 416:
      To handle the unceasing traffic increase, immense sums of money are being expended in dealing with bottlenecks.

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