Borrowed from Latin expendō (“I weigh; I pay out”). Doublet of spend.
expend (third-person singular simple present expends, present participle expending, simple past and past participle expended)
- (transitive) to consume, exhaust (some resource)
- c. 1590, William Shakespeare, King Henry VI Part 2, act 3, scene 1:
- If my death might make this island happy […]
- I would expend it with all willingness.
- (transitive, rare, of money) to spend, disburse