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LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

ex- +‎ stō

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

exstō (present infinitive exstāre, future participle exstātūrus); first conjugation, no passive, no perfect stem

  1. I stand out or project
  2. I am prominent or conspicuous
  3. I exist
  4. I am extant

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of exstō (first conjugation, no supine stem except in the future active participle, no perfect stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstō exstās exstat exstāmus exstātis exstant
imperfect exstābam exstābās exstābat exstābāmus exstābātis exstābant
future exstābō exstābis exstābit exstābimus exstābitis exstābunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstem exstēs exstet exstēmus exstētis exstent
imperfect exstārem exstārēs exstāret exstārēmus exstārētis exstārent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstā exstāte
future exstātō exstātō exstātōte exstantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exstāre exstātūrum esse
participles exstāns exstātūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
exstandī exstandō exstandum exstandō

ReferencesEdit

  • exsto (ext-) in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exsto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exsto (exto) in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 639/1
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to stand out of the water: ex aqua exstare
    • the book is still extant: exstat liber (notice the order of the words)
    • it is quite manifest: apparet et exstat
    • it is quite manifest: exstat atque eminet
  • ex(s)tō” on pages 657–658 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “exstare”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 400/1