praesto

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

prae- +‎ stō

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

praestō (not comparable)

  1. present, at hand, ready.
  2. (with sum) (to be) at hand, (to be) ready to help.

VerbEdit

praestō (present infinitive praestāre, perfect active praestitī or praestāvī, supine praestātum or praestitum); first conjugation

  1. I stand before.
  2. I am preferable, better (coupled with quam)
    Praestare visum est tamen omnis difficultates perpeti, quam tanta contumelia accepta omnium suorum voluntates alienareHowever it seemed better to endure any hardship than to alienate the affections of all his allies, by submitting to such an insult
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 10)
    Praestare omnes perferre acerbitates, quam non civibus Romanis, qui Cenabi perfidia Gallorum interissent, parentarentIt was better to sustain any hardship than to not avenge the Roman citizens who perished at Genabum by the perfidy of the Gauls
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 17)
    • In acie praestare interfici quam non veterem belli gloriam [...] recuperareIt was better to be slain in battle, than not to recover the ancient glory in war
      (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 1)
  3. I am outstanding; I excel.
  4. I provide, supply, offer, bestow.
  5. I exhibit, I show
  6. (reflexive) I prove (myself), I show (myself)

ConjugationEdit

  • Perfect forms like praestāvī are found post-Classically.
   Conjugation of praestō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praestō praestās praestat praestāmus praestātis praestant
imperfect praestābam praestābās praestābat praestābāmus praestābātis praestābant
future praestābō praestābis praestābit praestābimus praestābitis praestābunt
perfect praestitī, praestāvī praestitistī, praestāvistī praestitit, praestāvit praestitimus, praestāvimus praestitistis, praestāvistis praestitērunt, praestitēre, praestāvērunt, praestāvēre
pluperfect praestiteram, praestāveram praestiterās, praestāverās praestiterat, praestāverat praestiterāmus, praestāverāmus praestiterātis, praestāverātis praestiterant, praestāverant
future perfect praestiterō, praestāverō praestiteris, praestāveris praestiterit, praestāverit praestiterimus, praestāverimus praestiteritis, praestāveritis praestiterint, praestāverint
passive present praestor praestāris, praestāre praestātur praestāmur praestāminī praestantur
imperfect praestābar praestābāris, praestābāre praestābātur praestābāmur praestābāminī praestābantur
future praestābor praestāberis, praestābere praestābitur praestābimur praestābiminī praestābuntur
perfect praestātus or praestitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect praestātus or praestitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect praestātus or praestitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praestem praestēs praestet praestēmus praestētis praestent
imperfect praestārem praestārēs praestāret praestārēmus praestārētis praestārent
perfect praestiterim, praestāverim praestiterīs, praestāverīs praestiterit, praestāverit praestiterīmus, praestāverīmus praestiterītis, praestāverītis praestiterint, praestāverint
pluperfect praestitissem, praestāvissem praestitissēs, praestāvissēs praestitisset, praestāvisset praestitissēmus, praestāvissēmus praestitissētis, praestāvissētis praestitissent, praestāvissent
passive present praester praestēris, praestēre praestētur praestēmur praestēminī praestentur
imperfect praestārer praestārēris, praestārēre praestārētur praestārēmur praestārēminī praestārentur
perfect praestātus or praestitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect praestātus or praestitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praestā praestāte
future praestātō praestātō praestātōte praestantō
passive present praestāre praestāminī
future praestātor praestātor praestantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives praestāre praestitisse, praestāvisse praestātūrum esse, praestitūrum esse praestārī praestātum esse, praestitum esse praestātum īrī, praestitum īrī
participles praestāns praestātūrus, praestitūrus praestātus, praestitus praestandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
praestandī praestandō praestandum praestandō praestātum, praestitum praestātū, praestitū

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • praesto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praesto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praesto in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • praesto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to show kindness to..: benevolentiam alicui praestare, in aliquem conferre
    • to keep faith with a person, keep one's word: fidem praestare alicui
    • to fulfil a promise: fidem (promissum) praestare
    • to be answerable for a person, a thing: praestare aliquem, aliquid, de aliqua re or Acc. c. Inf.
    • to do one's duty: officium suum facere, servare, colere, tueri, exsequi, praestare
  • praesto in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • ONLINE LATIN DICTIONARY OLIVETTI