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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *fermos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-mo-s (holding), from the root *dʰer- (to hold) (whence also ferē and fermē). Cognate with Sanskrit धरति (dhárati), Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎫𐎡𐎹 (d-a-r-y-t-i-y /dārayatiy/), Persian دار(dār, have, hold), Lithuanian derė́ti, Russian держа́ть (deržátʹ).[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

firmus (feminine firma, neuter firmum, comparative firmior, superlative firmissimus, adverb firmiter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. stable, strong, firm
  2. faithful, steadfast, true

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative firmus firma firmum firmī firmae firma
Genitive firmī firmae firmī firmōrum firmārum firmōrum
Dative firmō firmō firmīs
Accusative firmum firmam firmum firmōs firmās firma
Ablative firmō firmā firmō firmīs
Vocative firme firma firmum firmī firmae firma

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “firmus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 223

Further readingEdit